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Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), like many bacterial pathogens, employ a type III secretion system to deliver effector proteins across the bacterial cell. In EPEC, four proteins are known to be exported by a type III secretion system_EspA, EspB and EspD required for subversion of host cell signal transduction pathways and a translocated intimin(More)
Biosurfactants are a class of functional molecules produced and secreted by microorganisms, which play important roles in cell physiology such as flagellum-dependent or -independent bacterial spreading, cell signaling, and biofilm formation. They are amphipathic compounds and comprise a variety of chemical structures, including rhamnolipids, typically(More)
Rhamnolipids have emerged as a very promising class of biosurfactants in the last decades, exhibiting properties of great interest in several industrial applications, and have represented a suitable alternative to chemically-synthesized surfactants. This class of biosurfactants has been extensively studied in recent years, aiming at their large-scale(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli are extracellular pathogens that employ a type III secretion system to export translocator and effector proteins, proteins which facilitates colonization of the mucosal surface of the intestine via formation of attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions. The genes encoding the proteins for A/E(More)
The features of Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance in Lisbon from 1990 to 1999 were studied. Overall resistance rates to amoxycillin, tetracycline, metronidazole, clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin were 0, 0, 30.6, 19.0 and 9.6%, respectively. The incidence of resistance to clarithromycin was much higher in isolates from children (44.8%) than adults(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces abundant levels of rhamnolipid biosurfactants which exhibit remarkable chemical and physical characteristics, making these compounds attractive targets for biotechnology research. The complex gene regulation network involved in rhamnolipids' biosynthesis represents a challenge to industrial production, which has been the(More)
From 1950 to 1990 a total of 45,862 strains (31,517 isolates from human sources, and 14,345 of non-human origin) were identified at Instituto Adolfo Lutz. No prevalence of any serovars was seen during the period 1950-66 among human sources isolates. Important changing pattern was seen in 1968, when S. Typhimurium surprisingly increased becoming the(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC), like many bacterial pathogens, use a type III secretion system to deliver effector proteins across the bacterial cell wall. In EPEC, four proteins, EspA, EspB, EspD and Tir are known to be exported by a type III secretion system and to be essential for 'attaching and effacing' (A/E) lesion formation, the hallmark of(More)
Serovars of a total of 5,490 Salmonella strains isolated during the period of 1991-95, from human infections (2,254 strains) and from non-human materials (3,236 strains) were evaluated. In the studied period, 81 different serovars were determined among human isolates. Salmonella Enteritidis corresponded to 1.2% in 1991, 2% in 1992, 10.1% in 1993, 43.3% in(More)
Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) possess a filamentous type III secretion system (TTSS) employed to deliver effector proteins into host cells. EspA is a type III secreted protein which forms the filamentous extension to the TTSS and which interacts with host cells during early stages of attaching and effacing(More)