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Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) form the first line of defense against invading microorganisms. We have shown previously that ATP release and autocrine purinergic signaling via P2Y2 receptors are essential for PMN activation. Here we show that mitochondria provide the ATP that initiates PMN activation. Stimulation of formyl peptide receptors increases(More)
Neutrophils use chemotaxis to locate invading bacteria. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release and autocrine purinergic signaling via P2Y2 receptors at the front and A2a receptors at the back of cells regulate chemotaxis. Here, we examined the intracellular mechanisms that control these opposing signaling mechanisms. We found that mitochondria deliver ATP(More)
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