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Curcumin affects the functions of adipocytes. But it is not known whether curcumin has some effect on the cholesterol efflux process of adipocytes. Rabbit subcutaneous adipocytes were incubated with 5, 10 and 20 μg/ml curcumin for 24 h. The cholesterol efflux onto apoAI was assessed, and the peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) γ, liver X(More)
It is well known that atherosclerosis is closely related to lipoprotein metabolism, particularly to the low density lipoprotein (LDL). LDL becomes atherogenic after undergoing oxidation by vascular cells, that transform them into highly bioreactive oxidized LDL (oxLDL). oxLDL is generally though to be involved in foam cell formation, and trigger an array of(More)
BACKGROUND The adipocyte has been proven to recognize and degrade oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), while cholesterol efflux from adipocytes to clear excess cholesterol loaded by oxLDL is essential to maintain its normal function. Thus, it is intriguing to explore the effects of oxLDL on cholesterol efflux in adipocytes. METHODS Fully(More)
Changes in plasma lipoprotein profiles, particularly low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, are associated with several inflammatory and immune diseases, including atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis, implying the potential link between HDL and immunity. Accumulating evidence suggests that HDL possesses anti-inflammatory effects and(More)
Apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5), an important determinant of plasma triglyceride (TG) levels, has been recently reported to modulate TG metabolism in hepatocytes. In this study, we investigated whether apoA5 can be internalized by adipocytes and regulate cellular TG storage. Human preadipocytes, derived from subcutaneous adipose tissue of patients undergoing(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo) O is a novel apolipoprotein that is present predominantly in high density lipoprotein (HDL). However, overexpression of apoO does not impact on plasma HDL levels or functionality in human apoA-I transgenic mice. Thus, the physiological function of apoO is not yet known. In the present study, we investigated relationships between plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Current guidelines recommended intensive low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering with statins, aiming at the target of 70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L) of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol for those with very high risk of coronary artery events. However, there is no multicenter study assessing the effect of intensive lipid lowering therapy with(More)
Niacin has been used for decades to lower the plasma concentrations of cholesterol, free fatty acids, and triglycerides in humans, and in addition it raises more than any other drug the levels of the protective high density lipoprotein. These effects have been used to treat dyslipidemic states. Trials have shown that treatment with niacin reduces(More)
Apolipoprotein O (apoO) is a new member of the apolipoprotein family. However, data on its physiological functions are limited and inconsistent. Using a microarray expression analysis, this study explored the function of apoO in liver cells. HepG2 cells were treated either with oleic acid or tumor necrosis factor-α for 24 h. mRNA and protein expression of(More)
Exchangeable apolipoproteins play an important role in systemic lipid metabolism, especially for lipoproteins with which they are associated. Recently, emerging evidence has suggested that exchangeable apolipoproteins, such as apolipoprotein A4 (apoA4), apolipoprotein A5 (apoA5), apolipoprotein C3 (apoC3) and apolipoprotein E (apoE), also exert important(More)