Bhushan V. Kulkarni

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Gustatory fatty acid signaling termed "fatty acid taste" is initiated when nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) bind to putative fat receptors on taste receptor cells. However, the source and quantity of NEFA in the oral cavity of humans are unresolved. Dietary fat is comprised predominantly of triacylglycerol, and human lingual lipase is of questionable(More)
Salivary non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) are proposed to play a role in oral health, oral fat detection, and they may hold diagnostic and prognostic potential. Yet, little is known about the array and concentrations of NEFA in saliva. The aim of the study was to conduct qualitative and quantitative analyses of salivary NEFA in healthy humans and to(More)
Lingual lipase generates nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) from dietary fats during oral processing by lipolysis. Lingual lipase in rodents has strong lipolytic activity and plays a critical role in oral detection of fats. The functional activity of lingual lipase during oral processing of high-fat foods in humans remains poorly characterized. Five commonly(More)
The mechanisms involved in the weight loss seen after vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) are not clear. The rat stomach has two morphologically and functionally distinct proximal and distal parts. The rat model for VSG involves complete removal of the proximal part and 80% removal of the distal part along the greater curvature. The purpose of this study was(More)
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