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The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in children in western countries may be rising. Since there is no prospective national data on the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in the UK and Republic of Ireland (ROI), we undertook a prospective survey to determine this incidence. The incidence during 1998 and 1999 was 5.2/100,000 per year in children(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Long-term effects of using enteral feed therapy to induce remission in paediatric Crohn's disease are poorly documented. The aim of this study is to examine the short and long-term impact of enteral nutrition as primary therapy for children with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease. METHODS Since 1994, a data base was set up in Bristol for(More)
OBJECTIVE Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) is one of the most common complaints of childhood and is associated with several adverse outcomes in adulthood. Few large, population-based, longitudinal studies have been conducted. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and epidemiologic features of RAP through early childhood. DESIGN We(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of burnout using an adapted version of Kobasa's theoretical framework, considering work stressors, work support, coping strategies and hardiness. Data were collected through a questionnaire mailed to 1990 randomly selected geriatric nurses. A participation rate of 77.6% was achieved. T-test, variance(More)
BACKGROUND Reports from individual referral centres suggest that a significant proportion of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) present after prolonged delays and with impaired growth. AIMS To prospectively document the presenting features, delay in presentation, disease localisation, and growth in newly diagnosed cases of IBD. METHODS For(More)
OBJECTIVE In 2005, the Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Working Group of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition published consensus guidelines on the diagnostic workup of paediatric IBD, the Porto criteria. According to these guidelines, children suspected of having IBD should undergo an oesophagogastroduodenoscopy(More)
BACKGROUND The probiotic Lactobacillus GG is effective in promoting a more rapid recovery of acute, watery diarrhea in children with rotavirus enteritis. Very limited information is available, however, on the potential role of such agents in non-rotaviral diarrheal episodes. Furthermore, no evidence is available concerning the efficacy of Lactobacillus GG(More)
Serological screening of 5470 children age 7.5 years from a cohort of 13,971 children in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) suggested the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) to be at least 1%. ALSPAC is an anonymous study, and hence seropositive children could not be individually identified or undergo biopsy. Inasmuch as all children(More)