Bheeshma Rajagopalan

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The long-term clinical outcome following traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be difficult to predict. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has previously been used to demonstrate abnormalities in regions of white matter that appear normal on conventional imaging in patients following TBI. We report MRI and MRS studies of 26 patients performed at an(More)
Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be used to study intracellular biochemistry non-invasively by measuring the relative proportions of high energy phosphates. Study of deteriorating cardiac metabolism might be useful in the management of hypertrophy and heart failure. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy was carried out in fourteen patients(More)
The cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is implicated in a broad spectrum of CNS pathologies, in which it is thought to exacerbate neuronal loss. Here, the effects of injecting recombinant rat IL-1beta into the striatum of 3-week-old rats were followed noninvasively from 2 to 123 hr using magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Four hours after(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated cardiac energetics in subjects with mutations in three different familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) disease genes, some of whom were nonpenetrant carriers without hypertrophy, using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy. BACKGROUND Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is caused by mutations in sarcomeric protein(More)
Neuropsychological studies in patients who have suffered traumatic brain injury show that the eventual clinical outcome is frequently worse than might be predicted from using conventional (CT or T(1)/T(2)-weighted MRI) imaging. Furthermore, patients who have sustained an initial mild or moderate injury may show long-term disability. This implies that there(More)
The magnetic field-dependent phosphodiester (PDE) signal found in 31P NMR spectra of liver and brain has been studied using saturation transfer and proton decoupling techniques. This PDE component, which accounts for as much as 45% of the signal in vivo, has been identified as primarily phospholipid bilayer with a small contribution from a motionally(More)
Proton MR spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) provides indices of neuronal damage in the central nervous system (CNS); however, it has not been extensively applied in the spinal cord. This work describes an optimized proton spectroscopy protocol for examination of the human cervical spinal cord. B(0) field mapping of the cord revealed periodic inhomogeneities due to(More)
Previous studies with 31P nuclear magnetic resonance have demonstrated that patients with chronic congestive heart failure often exhibit increased glycolytic metabolism and impaired oxidative phosphorylation in exercising skeletal muscle, but the mechanism for these changes remains unresolved. This study was conducted to determine whether these(More)
Cardiomyopathy is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in patients carrying the A3243G transition in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tRNALeu(UUR) gene, the most common heteroplasmic single mtDNA defect. We used phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) to look for evidence of an in vivo bioenergetics defect in patients carrying the A3243G(More)