Bhavana Shivakumar

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The status of glutathione (GSH) and protein thiol homeostasis was examined in rat brain regions during reperfusion after moderate and severe cerebral ischemia. GSH levels were decreased in brain regions during reperfusion for 1 hr after moderate or severe ischemia for 0.5 hr. Maximal loss of GSH (50-66%) was observed in the striatum and hippocampus. The GSH(More)
Ischemic-reperfusion injury in humans occurs in conditions such as stroke, cardiac arrest, subarachnoid hemorrhage or head trauma. Maximal tissue damage is observed during reperfusion, which is primarily attributed to oxidative injury resulting from production of oxygen free radicals. One of the major consequences of such damage is the depletion of the(More)
IMPORTANCE The efficacy of directly acting antiviral agents in interferon-free regimens for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infections needs to be evaluated in different populations. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir with weight-based or low-dose ribavirin among a population with unfavorable treatment characteristics. (More)
Because the developing brain is subject to high oxygen tension and lacks a functional bloodbrain anti-oxidant protection is important to development in the brain. The levels of superoxide dismutase, copper-zinc superoxide dismutase, manganese superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione and related enzymes, namely, glutathione reductase and glutathione(More)
UNLABELLED Recent studies have shown that a single-nucleotide polymorphism upstream of the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene plays a major role in predicting therapeutic response in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin. We sought to investigate the mechanism of the IL28B polymorphism, specifically as it(More)
Haloperidol, a widely used neuroleptic, acts through blockade of dopamine receptors leading to increased turnover of dopamine. Increased turnover of dopamine could lead to excessive production of hydrogen peroxide and, thus, generate oxidative stress. The effect of chronic administration of haloperidol on glutathione (GSH)-protein thiol homeostasis and(More)
The effect of haloperidol administration on lipid peroxidation and glutathione/protein thiol homeostasis in the brain was examined 4 h following subcutaneous administration of a single dose of haloperidol; 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 or 2.5 mg/kg b.wt. Glutathione (GSH) levels decreased significantly in cortex, striatum and midbrain after haloperidol administration.(More)
OBJECTIVES CD4+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) seem to have a key role in persistence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Notch and transforming growth factor (TGF-β) signaling independently help in the differentiation and regulation of CD4+T cells, including T-helper (T(H)) 1, T(H)2, and Tregs. Whether, the two pathways have modulatory role on different(More)
Increased baseline expression and lack of induction of interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) are strong negative predictors of therapeutic response to PegIFN/RBV in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). This study specifically addressed whether ISG-15 expression influences therapeutic responses in 20 HIV/HCV genotype-1 subjects undergoing(More)
Selective modulation of brain glutathione (GSH) may assist the elucidation of the role of GSH in the central nervous system. Subcutaneous administration of diethyl maleate (DEM) depleted both cerebral and hepatic GSH in a dose- and time-dependent manner. While hepatic GSH levels returned to control levels 6 hr after DEM administration, brain GSH levels(More)