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The physiological balance of juvenile hormone (JH) in insects depends on its biosynthesis and degradation pathway. Three key enzymes namely, juvenile hormone esterase (JHE), juvenile hormone epoxide hydrolase (JHEH) and juvenile hormone diol kinase (JHDK) are required for degradation in insects. Our present results showed that JHE and JHEH exhibited(More)
Transcriptional coactivators play a crucial role in gene transcription and expression. Multiprotein bridging factor 1 (MBF1) is a transcriptional coactivator necessary for transcriptional activation caused by DNA-binding activators, such as FTZ-F1 and GCN4. Until now, very few studies have been reported in the silkworm. We selected the Bombyx mori because(More)
Cellulase-producing fungi Trichoderma viride were cultured and fermented on the solid-state wheat bran fermentation medium. The characteristics of its carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase) in the condition of this solid-state fermentation were evaluated, and the optimum culture time, optimum pH and optimum temperature for CMCase activity of T. viride fermented(More)
Venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH) is responsible for hemodialysis vascular access malfunction. Here we tested whether VNH formation occurs, in part, due to vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 gene expression causing adventitial fibroblast transdifferentiation to myofibroblasts (α-SMA-positive cells). These(More)
Venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH) causes hemodialysis vascular access failure. Here we tested whether VNH formation occurs in part due to local vessel hypoxia caused by surgical trauma to the vasa vasorum of the outflow vein at the time of arteriovenous fistula placement. Selective targeting of the adventitia of the outflow vein at the time of fistula(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate if chemically produced nanotopography on titanium (Ti) surface induces osteoblast differentiation of cultured human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) by regulating the expression of microRNAs (miRs). It was demonstrated that Ti with nanotopography induces osteoblast differentiation of hMSCs as evidenced by(More)
Immunohistochemical markers have been proposed for thyroid cancer diagnosis and prognostic studies. Immunohistochemical analysis of CK-19, NF-kappaB, beta-catenin, E-cadherin and EGFR were done to evaluate their diagnostic and prognostic efficiencies in eighty eight cancer specimen (PTC-52, FTC-16, benign nodule-12 and MNG-8). CK-19 was positive in 91%(More)
Selective permeability for small proteins and oligopeptides occurs in the intestinal epithelium of many animal species and humans. Whole proteins are sometimes endocytosed and undergo partial hydrolysis in intestinal epithelial cells with the probable release of essential oligopeptides into the bloodstream. Increased permeability to certain proteins can(More)
ESCC (Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma) is a heterogeneous cancer with diverse prognosis. Here, to explore the biological diversity of ESCC, we employed gene expression profiles from 360 ESCC tumors from East Asians to establish a comprehensive molecular classification and characterization of ESCC. Using the specific 185-gene signature generated by(More)