Bhaskar Bhardwaj

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Colon cancer incidence and mortality rates are lower in females compared with males, and numerous epidemiological studies suggest that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) reduces cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Two estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ERalpha and ERbeta, mediate genomic effects in target cells. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
Antiestrogens, acting via the estrogen receptor (ER) evoke conformational changes in the ER and inhibit the effects of estrogens as well as exerting anti-growth factor activities. Although the binding of estrogens and antiestrogens is mutually competitive, studies with ER mutants indicate that some of the contact sites of estrogens and antiestrogens are(More)
We have used affinity labeling, site-directed mutagenesis and regional chemical mutagenesis in order to determine regions of the human estrogen receptor (ER) important in hormone binding, ligand discrimination between estrogens and antiestrogens, and transcriptional activation. Affinity labeling studies with the antiestrogen, tamoxifen aziridine and the(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) BB is secreted by most human breast carcinoma cells; however, only recently have PDGF beta receptors been demonstrated in malignant breast tissue. In the present study, the tissue localization of PDGF beta receptor expression was studied in human breast carcinoma and nonmalignant breast tissues stained using both(More)
Stromal cells are important regulators of mammary carcinoma growth and metastasis. We have previously shown that a 3T3-L1 adipocyte cell line secretes hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which stimulates proliferation of a murine mammary carcinoma (SP1) in monolayer cultures (DNA Cell Biol. 13, 1189-1897, 1994). We now examine the role of growth factors and the(More)
Effective treatments for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) remain elusive. The use of concurrent chemotherapy with radiotherapy (RT) has improved outcomes, but a significant proportion of NSCLC patients are too frail to be able to tolerate an intense course of concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The development of targeted therapies ignited new hope in(More)
A decade ago, lung cancer could conveniently be classified into two broad categories-either the small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), or the non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), mainly to assist in further treatment related decision making. However, the understanding regarding the eligibility of adenocarcinoma histology for treatments with agents such as(More)
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognised cause of acute coronary syndrome, particularly in women. A 36-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our hospital with sudden onset chest pain and was diagnosed with a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed mid and distal left anterior descending artery(More)