Bharti P. Nehete

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Mucosal delivery of vaccines against sexually transmitted pathogens is important to elicit strong immune responses at biologically relevant sites. However, inclusion of appropriate adjuvants is essential to overcome the inherent mucosal tolerance. We present evidence in support of the effectiveness of co-administering alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer)(More)
The E6 and E7 oncoproteins of the high-risk HPV type16 represent ideal targets for HPV vaccine development, they being consistently expressed in cervical cancer lesions. Since HPV-16 is primarily transmitted through genital mucosal route, mucosal immune responses constitute an essential feature for vaccination strategies against HPV-associated lesions. We(More)
Groups of rhesus macaques that had previously been immunized with HIV-1 envelope (env) peptides and first generation adenovirus serotype 5 (FG-Ad5) vaccines expressing the same peptides were immunized intramuscularly three times with helper-dependent adenovirus (HD-Ad) vaccines expressing only the HIV-1 envelope from JRFL. No gag, pol, or other SHIV genes(More)
HIV vaccine candidates with improved immunogenicity and induction of mucosal T-cell immunity are needed. A prime-boost strategy using a novel HIV glycoprotein 120 DNA vaccine was employed to immunize rhesus macaques. The DNA vaccine encoded a chimeric gp120 protein in fusion with monocyte chemoattractant protein-3, which was hypothesized to improve the(More)
Vaccine development efforts against HIV-1 have been hindered because of the high mutation rate of the virus, and limitations for direct testing of HIV antigens in animal models to discern the nature of protective immunity. We developed a multivalent vaccine comprised of highly conserved HIV envelope peptide cocktail focused on priming antigen-specific(More)
In HIV infection there is a paucity of literature about the degree of immune dysfunction to potentially correlate and/or predict disease progression relative to CD4(+) T cells count or viral load. We assessed functional characteristics of memory T cells subsets as potential prognostic markers for changing viral loads and/or disease progression using the(More)
We evaluated the effectiveness of Anvirzel™, an aqueous extract of Nerium oleander on HIV infection of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Oleandrin, the principle cardiac glycoside (CG) in Anvirzel™ has been shown to exhibit anti-cancer properties but its efficacy against HIV is unknown. Treatment with Anvirzel™ significantly reduced the infectivity(More)
Mucosal dendritic cells have been implicated in the capture, storage, and transmission of HIV to CD4(+) T cells as well as in the promotion of HIV replication in activated CD4(+) T cells during the cognate T-cell and DC interaction. We report that HIV induces human genital mucosal epithelial cells to produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) via(More)
Infection of Indian-origin rhesus macaques by the simian human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) is considered to be a suitable preclinical model for directly testing efficacy of vaccine candidates based on the HIV-1 envelope. We used this model for prophylactic vaccination with a peptide-cocktail comprised of highly conserved HIV-1 envelope sequences(More)
Detection and enumeration of functional antigen-specific T cells is important for understanding the breadth of cell-mediated immunity to infections and experimental vaccines. We tested the utility of dendritic cells (DC), the professional antigen presenting cells, in the enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot-forming cell assay (ELISPOT) for efficient monitoring(More)