Bhargav A. Patel

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A focused library of rhodanine compounds containing novel substituents at the C5-position was synthesized and tested in vitro against a panel of clinically relevant MRSA strains. The present SAR study was based on our lead compound 1 (MIC=1.95 μg/mL), with a focus on identifying optimal C5-arylidene substituents. In order to obtain this objective, we(More)
Proteus mirabilis forms extensive crystalline biofilms on urethral catheters that occlude urine flow and frequently complicate the management of long-term-catheterized patients. Here, using random transposon mutagenesis in conjunction with in vitro models of the catheterized urinary tract, we elucidate the mechanisms underpinning the formation of(More)
Paclitaxel is one of the most widely used antineoplastic drugs in the clinic. Unfortunately, the occurrence of cellular resistance has limited its efficacy and application. The ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1/P-glycoprotein) and subfamily C member 10 (ABCC10/MRP7) are the major membrane protein transporters responsible for the efflux of(More)
In continuation of our efforts to develop new derivatives as hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B inhibitors, we synthesized novel 5-arylidene-4-thiazolidinones. The novel compounds 29-42, together with their synthetic precursors 22-28, were tested for HCV NS5B inhibitory activity; 12 of these compounds displayed IC50 values between 25.3 and 54.1 µM. Compound 33,(More)
Overexpression of ATP-Binding Cassette transporters leads to multidrug resistance in cancer cells and results in the failure of chemotherapy. In this in-vitro study, we investigated whether or not (20S, 24R/S)-epoxy-12β, 25-dihydroxy-dommarane-3β-amine (ORA and OSA), a pair of semi-synthetic ocotillol analogue epimers, could inhibit the ABCB1 transporter.(More)
ATP-Binding Cassette transporters are involved in the efflux of xenobiotic compounds and are responsible for decreasing drug accumulation in multidrug resistant (MDR) cells. Discovered by structure-based virtual screening algorithms, bafetinib, a Bcr-Abl/Lyn tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was found to have inhibitory effects on both ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase is a key target for anti-HCV therapeutics development. Herein, we report the synthesis and in vitro evaluation of anti-NS5B polymerase activity of a molecular hybrid of our previously reported lead compounds 1 (IC50=7.7 μM) and 2 (IC50=10.6 μM) as represented by hybrid compound 27 (IC50=6.7 μM). We have explored the(More)
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major drug resistant bacteria that persists in both community and clinical settings due to growing resistance to current drug regimens. Thus, there is a continued need for novel compounds that are active against this organism. Previously, we reported that various rhodanine derivatives inhibited the(More)
Bacterial infections present a serious challenge to healthcare practitioners due to the emergence of resistance to numerous conventional antibacterial drugs. Therefore, new bacterial targets and new antimicrobials are unmet medical needs. Rhodanine derivatives have been shown to possess potent antimicrobial activity via a novel mechanism. However, their(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) attenuates the chemotherapy efficacy and increases the probability of cancer recurrence. The accelerated drug efflux mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters is one of the major MDR mechanisms. This study investigated if TTT-28, a newly synthesized thiazole-valine peptidomimetic, could reverse ABCB1-mediated MDR in(More)