Bharati Shivalkar

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The present study sought to examine the occurrence of subclinical markers of cardiovascular risk and cardiac dysfunction with increasing disease duration in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). There are few data on subclinical cardiovascular abnormalities in type 1 DM. The study included 100 patients without any cardiovascular complaints (mean age 46.6 years,(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is considered as a risk factor for the development of arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial infarction and stroke. These clinical manifestations are the consequences of elevated sympathetic activity, cardiovascular variability, intrathoracic pressure changes, inflammation, oxidative stress,(More)
BACKGROUND Studies done in potential donors for heart transplantation and in experimental animals have suggested that brain death can have major histopathological and functional effects on the myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed experimental models of brain death using dogs to study the hemodynamic and catecholamine changes, the extent of(More)
Cardiomyocytes of chronic hibernating myocardium are affected by partial to complete loss of sarcomeres, accumulation of glycogen, adaptations in size and shape of mitochondria, reorganisation of nuclear chromatin and depletion of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The nature of these changes, which from a purely morphologic viewpoint are akin to dedifferentiation,(More)
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement represents one of the most exciting medical technical developments in recent years, offering a much-needed therapeutic alternative for patients with severe aortic valve stenosis who, due to comorbidities and advanced age, are considered to be inoperable or at high surgical risk. The efficacy of this procedure compared(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation increases peak oxygen uptake (peak VO₂), which is an important predictor of mortality in cardiac patients. However, it remains unclear which exercise characteristics are most effective for improving peak VO₂ in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Proof of concept papers comparing Aerobic Interval Training(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic coronary artery disease (CAD) and left ventricular dysfunction, flow/metabolic studies of the myocardium with positron emission tomography (PET) are able to distinguish viable but dysfunctional myocardium from irreversible ischemic injury and scar tissue. In this study, PET findings of blood flow and metabolism in(More)
The association between accumulation of oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) and (1) progression of atherosclerotic plaques and (2) compensatory enlargement was assessed in the coronary arteries of LDL-hypercholesterolemic miniature pigs. In miniature pigs fed a 4% cholesterol diet, LDL cholesterol levels increased from 27+/-3.5 mg/dL (mean+/-SEM, n=36)(More)
Histologic analysis of biopsies derived from patients with chronic dysfunctional but viable (hibernating) myocardium showed characteristic cell alterations. These changes consisted of a partial to complete loss of sarcomeres, accumulation of glycogen, and disorganization and loss of sarcoplasmic reticulum. Most of the adaptive changes that these affected(More)
The finding of a cardiac myxoma usually implies immediate consequent surgical excision to prevent embolic events. Reports with documented growth rate are therefore very rare, and the actual growth rate remains a controversial issue. We report the growth of a left atrial myxoma in an asymptomatic 65-year-old patient with several years of follow up for aortic(More)