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Guanylyl cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is thought to mediate Ca(2+)-sensitive regulation of guanylyl cyclase (GC), a key event in recovery of the dark state of rod photoreceptors following light exposure. Here, we characterize GCAP from several vertebrate species by molecular cloning and provide evidence that GCAP contains a heterogeneously acylated(More)
Tazarotene-induced gene-3 (TIG-3), isolated from human keratinocytes treated with the retinoic acid receptor-selective retinoid Tazarotene, is homologous to H-rev, a class II tumor suppressor. TIG-3 gene localized to chromosome 11q23, a site of loss of heterozygosity in several malignancies. Retinoids influence epidermal differentiation and are used to(More)
PURPOSE To identify gene arrangement, chromosomal localization, and expression pattern of mouse guanylate cyclase activating proteins GCAP1 and GCAP2, retina-specific Ca2+-binding proteins, and photoreceptor guanylate cyclase activators. METHODS The GCAP1 and GCAP2 genes were cloned from genomic libraries and sequenced. The chromosomal localization of the(More)
Guanylate cyclase-activating protein (GCAP) is a novel Ca(2+)-binding protein that stimulates synthesis of cGMP in photoreceptors. Molecular cloning of human and mouse GCAP cDNA revealed that the known mammalian GCAPs are more than 90% similar, consist of 201-205 amino acids, and contain three identically conserved EF hand Ca2+ binding sites. The sequence(More)
We cloned the guanylate cyclase activating proteins, GCAP1 and GCAP2, from chicken retina and examined their expression in normal and predegenerate rdlrd chicken retina. Northern analyses show that the amounts of the single transcripts encoding GCAP1 and GCAP2 are reduced to about 70% of normal levels in rdlrd retina. Western analyses reveal that GCAP2(More)
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