Learn More
STUDY OBJECTIVE Animal data suggest that Δ(9)-TetraHydroCannabinol (Δ(9)THC) stabilizes autonomic output during sleep, reduces spontaneous sleep-disordered breathing, and blocks serotonin-induced exacerbation of sleep apnea. On this basis, we examined the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of dronabinol (Δ(9)THC), an exogenous Cannabinoid type 1 and type 2(More)
PURPOSE Conceptual frameworks are approaches to a research problem that specify key entities and their relationships. The 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report on resident duty hours, subsequent studies, and published responses to the report present a variety of conceptual frameworks for the study of the impact of duty hours regulations. The authors(More)
PURPOSE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common health problem that affects more than 2-4% of the US population. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for diagnosing OSA. PSG is, however, expensive, time-consuming, and not always readily accessible. Hence, alternative diagnostic methods such as home-based testing have been evaluated. We studied the(More)
PURPOSE Mechanistic and observational studies support an independent increase in risk of hypertension and abnormal glucose metabolism associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the specific populations and outcomes that improve with treatment of OSA in clinical practice are not established. We examined the effectiveness of OSA treatment on(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and asthma are highly prevalent respiratory disorders and are frequently co-morbid. Risk factors common to the two diseases include obesity, rhinitis, and gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Observational and experimental evidence implicates airways and systemic inflammation, neuromechanical effects of recurrent upper airway(More)
Symptoms of narcolepsy tend to arise during adolescence or young adulthood, a formative time in human development during which people are usually completing their education and launching a career. Little is known about the impact of narcolepsy on the social aspects of health-related quality of life in young adults. The purpose of this study was to examine(More)
RATIONALE Approximately 20% of patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbations in the United States will be readmitted within 30 days. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has recently proposed to revise the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program to financially penalize hospitals with high all-cause 30-day rehospitalization rates after a(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Incremental withdrawal of serotonin during wake to sleep transition is postulated as a key mechanism that renders the pharyngeal airway collapsible. While serotonin promotion with reuptake inhibitors have demonstrated modest beneficial effects during NREM sleep on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), animal studies suggest a potential therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death are more frequent in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is associated with QT prolongation, and QT prolongation is an independent risk factor for sudden cardiac death. Because QT prolongation can be mediated by potassium channel loss of function, we tested whether OSA or continuous(More)
IN BRIEF Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) alters glucose metabolism, promotes insulin resistance, and is associated with development of type 2 diabetes. Obesity is a key moderator of the effect of OSA on type 2 diabetes. However, chronic exposure to intermittent hypoxia and other pathophysiological effects of OSA affect glucose metabolism directly, and(More)