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BACKGROUND Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) assays are new tests for tuberculosis (TB) infection, and T-cell responses may be correlated with antigen burden. However, it is unclear if IFN-gamma assays can be used to monitor response to TB treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS We measured T-cell responses to TB specific antigens in 60 Indian patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Oral fluid-based rapid tests are promising for improving HIV diagnosis and screening. However, recent reports from the United States of false-positive results with the oral OraQuick ADVANCE HIV1/2 test have raised concerns about their performance in routine practice. We report a field evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy, client preference, and(More)
Rural India has an undetected load of HIV-positive individuals. Few rural adults present for HIV testing and counseling due to stigma, discrimination, and fear of social ostracization. In this rural hospital clinic-based study, we document profiles of rural adults seeking voluntary testing and counseling, and analyze correlates of HIV seropositivity. This(More)
F-wave is one of the late responses produced by antidromic activation of Motoneurons by supramaximal stimulation. They are variable in latency, amplitude, and configuration. Whenever we talk of nerve conduction studies, the importance of F wave are considered less.One should understand the characteristics and the physiology of F wave. This is important(More)
Cysticercosis is the most common parasitic disease of the nervous system. The disease occurs when humans become the intermediate host in the life cycle of Taenia solium by ingesting its eggs from contaminated food. The most common sites of involvement of cysticerci are soft tissue, eye and central nervous system. Unusual location of the cysts may result in(More)
Though moya moya disease is a disease of Asian origin, it is one of the very rare causes of stroke in India. It is a rare disease mainly characterized by progressive cerebrovascular episode due to the slowly progressive stenosis of supraclinoid segment of bilateral internal carotid arteries, the anterior and the middle cerebral arteries, and very rarely,(More)
Diabetic polyneuropathy is one of the more commonly observed complication due to Diabetes Mellitus and is characterized by a combined axonal loss and demyelinating sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy. Nerve conduction studies are considered one of the most sensitive indices of the severity of neuropathy. In the present work, an attempt has been done to(More)
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