Bharath Kumar Mani

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Celecoxib, rofecoxib, and diclofenac are clinically used cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, which have been under intense scrutiny because long-term rofecoxib (Vioxx; Merck, Whitehouse Station, NJ) treatment was found to increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events. A differential risk profile for these drugs has emerged, but the underlying(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral vasospasm is the persistent constriction of large conduit arteries in the base of the brain. This pathologically sustained contraction of the arterial myocytes has been attributed to locally elevated concentrations of vasoconstrictor agonists (spasmogens). We assessed the presence and function of KCNQ (K(v) 7) potassium(More)
Physiologically relevant concentrations of [Arg(8)]-vasopressin (AVP) induce repetitive action potential firing and Ca(2+) spiking responses in the A7r5 rat aortic smooth muscle cell line. These responses may be triggered by suppression of KCNQ potassium currents and/or activation of non-selective cation currents. Here we examine the relative contributions(More)
Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is characterized by prolonged severe constriction of the basilar artery, which often leads to ischemic brain damage. Locally elevated concentrations of spasmogenic substances induce persistent depolarization of myocytes in the basilar artery, leading to continuous influx of calcium (Ca) through(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used medications for the treatment of both acute and chronic pain. Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, such as celecoxib (Celebrex(®)), rofecoxib (Vioxx(®)), and diclofenac, have been among the most widely prescribed NSAIDs because they prevent the generation of prostaglandins involved(More)
Contraction or relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the walls of resistance arteries determines the artery diameter and thereby controls flow of blood through the vessel and contributes to systemic blood pressure. The contraction process is regulated primarily by cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)), which is in turn controlled by a variety(More)
Contraction of arterial smooth muscle cells results in vasoconstriction, which in turn reduces blood flow and increases blood pressure. There has been a great deal of interest in understanding the ionic mechanisms that regulate smooth muscle contraction, in part because ion channels represent potential pharmacological targets for therapies directed towards(More)
Kv7 (KCNQ) channels, formed as homo- or heterotetramers of Kv7.4 and Kv7.5 α-subunits, are important regulators of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) membrane voltage. Recent studies demonstrate that direct pharmacological modulation of VSMC Kv7 channel activity can influence blood vessel contractility and diameter. However, the physiologic regulation of(More)
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