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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In order for computers to extract useful information from unstructured text, a concept normalization system is needed to link relevant concepts in a text to sources that contain further information about the concept. Popular concept normalization tools in the biomedical field are dictionary-based. In this study we investigate the(More)
We present a multi-stream bi-directional recurrent neural network for fine-grained action detection. Recently, twostream convolutional neural networks (CNNs) trained on stacked optical flow and image frames have been successful for action recognition in videos. Our system uses a tracking algorithm to locate a bounding box around the person, which provides a(More)
Word matching problem is to find all the occurrences of a pattern P[0…m-1] in the text T[0…n-1], where P neither contains any white space nor preceded and followed by space. In this paper, we assume that our text is offline. Ibrahiem et al. in 2008 have proposed an algorithm (WSA) for solving the word matching problem by splitting the(More)
Recognition of medical concepts is a basic step in information extraction from clinical records. We wished to improve on the performance of a variety of concept recognition systems by combining their individual results. We selected two dictionary-based systems and five statistical-based systems that were trained to annotate medical problems, tests, and(More)
Many biomedical relation extraction systems are machine-learning based and have to be trained on large annotated corpora that are expensive and cumbersome to construct. We developed a knowledge-based relation extraction system that requires minimal training data, and applied the system for the extraction of adverse drug events from biomedical text. The(More)
Drug safety issues pose serious health threats to the population and constitute a major cause of mortality worldwide. Due to the prominent implications to both public health and the pharmaceutical industry, it is of great importance to unravel the molecular mechanisms by which an adverse drug reaction can be potentially elicited. These mechanisms can be(More)
Complex event retrieval is a challenging research problem, especially when no training videos are available. An alternative to collecting training videos is to train a large semantic concept bank a priori. Given a text description of an event, event retrieval is performed by selecting concepts linguistically related to the event description and fusing the(More)
PURPOSE Pharmacovigilance methods have advanced greatly during the last decades, making post-market drug assessment an essential drug evaluation component. These methods mainly rely on the use of spontaneous reporting systems and health information databases to collect expertise from huge amounts of real-world reports. The EU-ADR Web Platform was built to(More)