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Pathfinder is an expert system that assists surgical pathologists with the diagnosis of lymph-node diseases. The program is one of a growing number of normative expert systems that use probability and decision theory to acquire, represent, manipulate, and explain uncertain medical knowledge. In this article, we describe Pathfinder and our research in(More)
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the clinical presentation and natural history associated with two newly recognized pathologic entities termed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), including the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and monocytoid B-cell subcategories, and (2) to determine whether these entities(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is rare in most parts of the world. Therefore, we have evaluated the 96 cases of PTCL diagnosed within the Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Classification Project (NHLCP) (1378 cases) for their geographical distribution, pathologic features and diagnostic reliability, as well as clinical presentation and outcome. (More)
BACKGROUND Several studies from Europe have reported a high prevalence (9% to 32%) of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It has been suggested that HCV plays a role in the pathogenesis of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of HCV infection in patients with B-cell lymphoma(More)
The distribution of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtypes differs around the world but a systematic study of Latin America has not been done. Therefore, we evaluated the relative frequencies of NHL subtypes in Central and South America (CSA). Five expert hematopathologists classified consecutive cases of NHL from 5 CSA countries using the WHO classification(More)
PURPOSE We reviewed survival data of patients with low-grade lymphoma entered on Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) lymphoma trials in 1972 to 1983 to determine the utility of doxorubicin-containing therapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone [CHOP]) in such patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS We identified all patients with low-grade(More)
To ascertain the results of standard ABVD chemotherapy (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) in HIV-infected patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin's disease (HD), a nonrandomized, prospective, multiinstitutional clinical trial was conducted by the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG), in HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's disease. All patients(More)
The pattern of adolescent/young adult Hodgkin lymphoma (YAHL) suggests causation by a relatively late infection with a common childhood virus, but no causal virus has been found. Susceptibility is heritable and linked to lower interleukin 12 (IL12) levels, which can also result from fewer fecal-oral microbial exposures early in life. We studied twin pairs(More)
Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a heterogeneous process that may have a T-cell, B-cell, or indeterminant (null) phenotype and which may or may not express the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) oncoprotein. Because the clinical significance of these variants of ALCL is unclear, we evaluated the cases of ALCL-T/null and ALCL-B identified in the(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent/young adult Hodgkin lymphoma (AYAHL) survivors report fewer exposures to infections during childhood compared with controls, and they have functional lymphocyte aberrations. The gut microbiota plays a central role in immunity. METHODS We investigated whether fecal microbial diversity differed between 13 AYAHL survivors and their(More)