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CONTEXT Annually, more than 700,000 women turn to menstrual regulation, or uterine evacuation with vacuum aspiration; many more resort to unsafe abortion. Using pills for the evacuation of the uterus could increase women's access to safe menstrual regulation services and reduce the high levels of abortion- and menstrual regulation- related morbidity in(More)
The Guttmacher Institute gratefully acknowledges the general support it receives from individuals and founda-tions—including major grants from The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the David and Lucille Packard Foundation, the Ford Foundation and others—which undergirds all of the Institute's work.
The standard diagnostic tools to identify sexually transmitted infections are often expensive and have laboratory and infrastructure requirements that make them unavailable to family planning and primary health-care clinics in developing countries. Therefore, inexpensive, accessible tools that rely on symptoms, signs, and/or risk factors have been developed(More)
BACKGROUND Oxytocin, the standard of care for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage, is not available in all settings because of refrigeration requirements and the need for intravenous administration. Misoprostol, an effective uterotonic agent with several advantages for resource-poor settings, has been investigated as an alternative. This trial established(More)
BACKGROUND Oxytocin, the gold-standard treatment for post-partum haemorrhage, needs refrigeration, intravenous infusion, and skilled providers for optimum use. Misoprostol, a potential alternative, is increasingly used ad hoc for treatment of post-partum haemorrhage; however, evidence is insufficient to lend support to recommendations for its use. This(More)
BACKGROUND Active management of the third stage of labor is recommended for the prevention of post-partum hemorrhage and commonly entails prophylactic administration of a uterotonic agent, controlled cord traction, and uterine massage. While oxytocin is the first-choice uterotonic, it is not known whether its effectiveness varies by route of administration.(More)
OBJECTIVE To reassess the practical value of verbal autopsy data, which, in the absence of more definitive information, have been used to describe the causes of maternal mortality and to identify priorities in programmes intended to save women's lives in developing countries. METHODS We reanalysed verbal autopsy data from a study of 145 maternal deaths(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analyses of postpartum blood loss and the effect of uterotonics are biased by visually estimated blood loss. OBJECTIVES To conduct a systematic review of measured postpartum blood loss with and without prophylactic uterotonics for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). SEARCH STRATEGY We searched Medline and PubMed terms (labour(More)
  • B Elul, S Hajri, N N Ngoc, C Ellertson, C B Slama, E Pearlman +1 other
  • 2001
BACKGROUND Mifepristone-misoprostol abortion, consisting of oral pills, is potentially simple and safe enough for use in less-developed countries. But the labour-intensive, costly, clinic-based European protocols are not affordable or feasible in most less-developed countries. METHODS We prospectively tested two simplifications to the French(More)