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The present study examined whether school-age children show risk compensation and engage in greater risk taking when wearing safety gear compared to when not doing so when running an obstacle course containing hazards that could lead to physical injury. Because sensation seeking has been shown to influence risk taking, this child attribute was also assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obesity is associated with serious physiological and psychological consequences including type 2 diabetes, higher rates of depression and low self-esteem. With the population of overweight and obese youth increasing, appropriate interventions are needed that speak to the issue of readiness to change and motivation to maintain adherence(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) as an intervention for promoting self-efficacy and weight loss in a sample of overweight and obese youth. METHODS /Design 40 participants (aged 10-18 years) were randomly assigned to control (social skills training) or treatment (MI) group. Both groups received individual therapy (~30(More)
OBJECTIVE There is increasing interest in understanding how parent supervision influences young children's risk of injury, but nearly all of this research has been conducted with mothers. The present study compared first-time mothers' and fathers' supervisory beliefs and reported practices, and related these scores to parental reports of their child's(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to: (i) develop a triage scale consistent with the National Triage Scale (NTS) for patients with mental health problems attending emergency departments; and (ii) to reduce emergency waiting times, transit times and improve skills assessing mental health problems. METHOD We developed a Mental Health Triage Scale (MHTS)(More)
Figures collected over 2 1/2 years of screening of women attending the antenatal clinics of South Glamorgan, Wales, showed that the percentage of women identified as a risk for haemoglobinopathy trait (7.4%) was almost twice that estimated from the 1981 Census data (4.1%) and that the incidence of a thalassaemia trait in these women (0.38% beta; 0.68%(More)
Iron absorption by the rat intestinal epithelial cell has been studied by differential centrifugation of mucosal homogenates and by electron microscopic autoradiography. Autoradiography of both subcellular pellets and whole gut confirmed the biochemical findings. Mitochondria play a quantitatively significant role in iron metabolism within the epithelial(More)