Beverly K. Dyas

Learn More
The recombinant protective antigen (rPA) of Bacillus anthracis is a promising anthrax vaccine. We compared serum immunoglobulin G levels and toxin-neutralizing antibody titers in rabbits following delivery of various doses of vaccine by microneedle-based intradermal (i.d.) delivery or intramuscular (i.m.) injection using conventional needles. Intradermal(More)
Using the natural killer (NK) cell-surface marker CD56 to study NK T cells in peripheral blood, we found that their frequency in mononuclear cells among healthy individuals was 1%-20% (average, 7.3%) and sporadically increased 4-5-fold within individuals over the course of 8 months. Infection of mononuclear cells in vitro with Venezuelan equine encephalitis(More)
A candidate vaccine against staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) was developed using a Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus vector. This vaccine is composed of a self-replicating RNA, termed "replicon," containing the VEE nonstructural genes and cis-acting elements and a gene encoding mutagenized SEB (mSEB). Cotransfection of baby hamster kidney cells(More)
At this time there are no vaccines or therapeutics to protect against staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) exposure. Here, we report vaccine efficacy of an attenuated SEB in a nonhuman primate model following lethal aerosol challenge and identify several biomarkers of protective immunity. Initial in vitro results indicated that the mutation of key amino acid(More)
Quantitative freeze-fracture electron microscopy was utilized to study the changes in number and distribution of orthogonal arrays (aggregates of 6-7 nm particles) of the sarcolemmas of the fast twitch extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow twitch soleus muscles during the first few weeks of postnatal development in the rat. In the adult rat, orthogonal(More)
Deamidation of the recombinant protective antigen (rPA) correlates with decreased effectiveness of the vaccine in protecting against infection by Bacillus anthracis. We present data demonstrating dramatic deamidation of amino acid positions 713 and 719 of rPA adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide gel, an adjuvant, relative to rPA stored in solution without(More)
The use of an aerosolizable form of anthrax as a biological weapon is considered to be among the most serious bioterror threats. Intranasal (IN) delivery of a dry powder anthrax vaccine could provide an effective and non-invasive administration alternative to traditional intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) injection. We evaluated a dry powder vaccine(More)
Streptococcal pyrogenic enterotoxin C (Spe-C) is a superantigen virulence factor produced by Streptococcus pyogenes that activates T-cells polyclonally. The biologically active form of Spe-C is thought to be a homodimer containing an essential zinc coordination site on each subunit, consisting of the residues His(167), His(201), and Asp(203).(More)
A bivalent tethered approach toward YopH inhibitor development is presented that joins aldehydes with mixtures of bis-aminooxy-containing linkers using oxime coupling. The methodology is characterized by its facility and ease of use and its ability to rapidly identify low micromolar affinity inhibitors. The generality of the approach may potentially make it(More)
Our current study reports the first K(M) optimization of a library of nitrophenylphosphate-containing substrates for generating an inhibitor lead against the Yersinia pestis outer protein phosphatase (YopH). A high activity substrate identified by this method (K(M) = 80 μM) was converted from a substrate into an inhibitor by replacement of its phosphate(More)