Beverly H. Lorell

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BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that left ventricular hypertrophy is often found in the absence of an elevated cardiac workload. To investigate whether such hypertrophy is determined in part by genetic factors, we studied the association between this condition, as assessed by electrocardiographic criteria, and a deletion (D)-insertion (I)(More)
When the heart faces a hemodynamic burden, it can do the following to compensate: (1) use the FrankStarling mechanism to increase crossbridge formation; (2) augment muscle mass to bear the extra load; and (3) recruit neurohormonal mechanisms to increase contractility. The first mechanism is limited in its scope, and the third is deleterious as a chronic(More)
We compared the activity and physiologic effects of cardiac angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) using isovolumic hearts from male Wistar rats with left ventricular hypertrophy due to chronic experimental aortic stenosis and from control rats. In response to the infusion of 3.5 X 10(-8) M angiotensin I in the isolated buffer perfused beating hearts, the(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with reinduction of the fetal program of gene expression. It is unclear whether this pattern of cardiac gene expression changes with the development of left ventricular decompensation and failure. To answer these questions, we quantified steady-state levels of mRNA by the polymerase chain reaction in the left(More)
BACKGROUND Vesnarinone, an inotropic drug, was shown in a short-term placebo-controlled trial to improve survival markedly in patients with severe heart failure when given at a dose of 60 mg per day, but there was a trend toward an adverse effect on survival when the dose was 120 mg per day. In a longer-term study, we evaluated the effects of daily doses of(More)
We measured creatine kinase activity, isozyme composition, and total creatine content in biopsy samples of left ventricular myocardium from 34 adults in four groups: subjects with normal left ventricles, patients with left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic stenosis, patients with coronary artery disease without left ventricular hypertrophy, and patients(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in left ventricular (LV) function and expression of cardiac genes in response to LV pressure overload due to ascending aortic stenosis in rats. BACKGROUND Clinical studies have documented gender differences in the pattern of adaptive LV hypertrophy. Whether these differences result(More)
1. Angiotensin II increases myocardial contractility in several species, including the rabbit and man. However, it is controversial whether the predominant mechanism is an increase in free cytosolic [Ca2+]i or a change in myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity. To address this question, we infused angiotensin II in isolated perfused rabbit hearts loaded with the Ca2+(More)