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BACKGROUND Vesnarinone, an inotropic drug, was shown in a short-term placebo-controlled trial to improve survival markedly in patients with severe heart failure when given at a dose of 60 mg per day, but there was a trend toward an adverse effect on survival when the dose was 120 mg per day. In a longer-term study, we evaluated the effects of daily doses of(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with reinduction of the fetal program of gene expression. It is unclear whether this pattern of cardiac gene expression changes with the development of left ventricular decompensation and failure. To answer these questions, we quantified steady-state levels of mRNA by the polymerase chain reaction in the left(More)
BACKGROUND To determine potential mechanisms of the transition from hypertrophy to very early failure, we examined apoptosis in a model of ascending aortic stenosis (AS) in male FVB/n mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Compared with age-matched controls, 4-week and 7-week AS animals (n=12 to 16 per group) had increased ratios of left ventricular weight to body(More)
In cardiac muscle sarcolemmal structures such as T-tubules, caveolae and negatively charged protein-polysaccharides may affect the rate of cation exchange on the external surface of the cells. To test this hypothesis, we examined the rate of external cation exchange in adult rabbit and rat ventricular myocytes using a rapid solution switcher to change the(More)
W hen the heart faces a hemodynamic burden, it can do the following to compensate: (1) use the Frank-Starling mechanism to increase crossbridge formation; (2) augment muscle mass to bear the extra load; and (3) recruit neurohormonal mechanisms to increase contractil-ity. The first mechanism is limited in its scope, and the third is deleterious as a chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that left ventricular hypertrophy is often found in the absence of an elevated cardiac workload. To investigate whether such hypertrophy is determined in part by genetic factors, we studied the association between this condition, as assessed by electrocardiographic criteria, and a deletion (D)-insertion (I)(More)
We compared the activity and physiologic effects of cardiac angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) using isovolumic hearts from male Wistar rats with left ventricular hypertrophy due to chronic experimental aortic stenosis and from control rats. In response to the infusion of 3.5 X 10(-8) M angiotensin I in the isolated buffer perfused beating hearts, the(More)
Cardiac myocyte hypertrophy often occurs in response to both hemodynamic and neurohumoral factors. To study whether activation of the renin-angiotensin system by itself may induce a cardiac growth response, the acute effects of angiotensin II on cardiac protein synthesis were studied in isolated rat hearts. New protein synthesis in isolated buffer-perfused(More)