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BACKGROUND To determine potential mechanisms of the transition from hypertrophy to very early failure, we examined apoptosis in a model of ascending aortic stenosis (AS) in male FVB/n mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Compared with age-matched controls, 4-week and 7-week AS animals (n=12 to 16 per group) had increased ratios of left ventricular weight to body(More)
W hen the heart faces a hemodynamic burden, it can do the following to compensate: (1) use the Frank-Starling mechanism to increase crossbridge formation; (2) augment muscle mass to bear the extra load; and (3) recruit neurohormonal mechanisms to increase contractil-ity. The first mechanism is limited in its scope, and the third is deleterious as a chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Vesnarinone, an inotropic drug, was shown in a short-term placebo-controlled trial to improve survival markedly in patients with severe heart failure when given at a dose of 60 mg per day, but there was a trend toward an adverse effect on survival when the dose was 120 mg per day. In a longer-term study, we evaluated the effects of daily doses of(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (cdk2) plays a critical role in the G1- to S-phase checkpoint of the cell cycle. Adult cardiomyocytes are believed to withdraw from the cell cycle. To determine whether forced overexpression of cdk2 results in altered cell-cycle regulation in the adult heart, we generated transgenic mice specifically overexpressing cdk2 in hearts.(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human growth hormone (GH) improves in vivo cardiac function in rats with postinfarction heart failure (MI). We examined the effects of growth hormone (14 days of 3.5 mg. kg-1. d-1 begun 4 weeks after MI) on contractile reserve in left ventricular myocytes from rats with chronic postinfarction heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Cell(More)
Mouse myocyte contractility and the changes induced by pressure overload are not fully understood. We studied contractile reserve in isolated left ventricular myocytes from mice with ascending aortic stenosis (AS) during compensatory hypertrophy (4-week AS) and the later stage of early failure (7-week AS) and from control mice. Myocyte contraction and(More)
PURPOSE To examine the effects of a 12-week tai chi program on quality of life and exercise capacity in patients with heart failure. METHODS Thirty patients with chronic stable heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction < or =40% (mean [+/- SD] age, 64 +/- 13 years; mean baseline ejection fraction, 23% +/- 7%; median New York Heart Association(More)
T he granting of clinical staff privileges is one of the primary mechanisms used by institutions to uphold the quality of care. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations requires that the granting of initial or continuing medical staff privileges be based on assessment of applicants against professional criteria specified in medical(More)
The biochemical basis of the mechanism of vasodilatation by nitroglycerin (NTG) has not been previously investigated in man. However, evidence from in vitro studies suggests that NTG induces activation of guanylate cyclase via a series of enzymatic reactions that are modulated by the availability of sulfhydryl groups. Cysteine appears to be particularly(More)
Glycolysis increases in hypertrophied hearts but the mechanisms are unknown. We studied the regulation of glycolysis in hearts with pressure-overload LV hypertrophy (LVH), a model that showed marked increases in the rates of glycolysis (by 2-fold) and insulin-independent glucose uptake (by 3-fold). Although the V(max) of the key glycolytic enzymes was(More)