Beverly Ehrich

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INTRODUCTION This study examines the association between recent screening for breast and cervical cancers, knowledge of cancer risk factors, and perceptions of surviving cancer. METHODS Data were from the Cancer Control Supplement to the 1992 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS-CCS). The dependent variable combined breast and cervical cancer screening(More)
BACKGROUND Tailoring is a promising technique for encouraging greater performance of health-related behaviors. Tailored interventions are designed to be more individualized to personal characteristics, in contrast to "standard" interventions where all participants receive the same materials. METHODS A total of N = 1864 women aged 40-74 were recruited from(More)
INTRODUCTION We examine racial and ethnic variations in use of screening mammography. We first review recent literature on Blacks', Hispanics', and non-Hispanic Whites' mammography use. Here we extend that body of literature through use of a comprehensive national database and discussion of the implications of race- and nonrace-stratified mammography(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to study health-related behaviors in combination rather than singly will lead to a more comprehensive approach to health promotion. This investigation focused on mammography and Pap testing. One index was created to reflect the recency of receiving both examinations. A second index integrated opinions about the two procedures into a(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the association of women's cancer screenings with both personal and spouses' smoking status, as well as with the broader context of household smoking, in a United States national-level sample of women aged 42-75 years. Data were from the 1994 National Health Interview Survey Health Promotion Supplement. The sample(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have found an association between current smoking and lower rates of mammography and Pap testing. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of smoking status with breast and cervical cancer screening across the 1990-1994 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The NHIS provides a consistent set of(More)
The two purposes of this investigation were: (a) to examine whether an association existed between stages of adopting regular mammography and decision-making constructs from the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change, and (b) to determine whether any such associations would be found for each of the two ways of defining the stages-of-adoption. One(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to determine whether a tailored, stage-matched educational intervention, guided by the transtheoretical model (TTM), would increase rates of repeat-screening mammography. DESIGN SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1324 women (N=1026 after attrition) aged 50 to 74 years were recruited from a staff-model health maintenance(More)
BACKGROUND The main benefits of mammography come from regular on-schedule screening. However, few studies have examined interventions to achieve repeat screening. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Participants were women aged 50 to 74, recruited through one setting in Rhode Island and another in North Carolina. Participants had a mammogram already scheduled at(More)
This study examines the correlates of screening for both breast and cervical cancer combined in a single indicator. Data used were from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. We used two indices to characterize the receipt of breast and cervical cancer screening among women 50-75 years of age. The first measure(More)