Beverly A. S. Reyes

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Although the higher incidence of stress-related psychiatric disorders in females is well documented, its basis is unknown. Here, we show that the receptor for corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), the neuropeptide that orchestrates the stress response, signals and is trafficked differently in female rats in a manner that could result in a greater response(More)
Although autophagic pathways are essential to developmental processes, many questions still remain regarding the initiation signals that regulate autophagy in the context of differentiation. To address these questions we studied the ocular lens, as the programmed elimination of nuclei and organelles occurs in a precisely regulated spatiotemporal manner to(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is the most frequent cause of dementia in adults under 40. We sought to use gene delivery to protect from HIV-1-related neuron loss. Because HIV-1 envelope (Env) gp120 elicits oxidant stress and apoptosis in cultured neurons, we established reproducible parameters of Env-mediated neurotoxicity in vivo, then tested(More)
The interaction between the stress axis and endogenous opioid systems has gained substantial clinical attention as it is increasingly recognized that stress predisposes to opiate abuse. For example, stress has been implicated as a risk factor in vulnerability to the initiation and maintenance of opiate abuse and is thought to play an important role in(More)
Stressors motivate an array of adaptive responses ranging from 'fight or flight' to an internal urgency signal facilitating long-term goals. However, traumatic or chronic uncontrollable stress promotes the onset of major depressive disorder, in which acute stressors lose their motivational properties and are perceived as insurmountable impediments.(More)
Locus coeruleus (LC) neurons respond to autonomic and visceral stimuli and discharge in parallel with peripheral sympathetic nerves. The present study characterized the synaptic organization of hypothalamic afferents with catecholaminergic neurons in the LC using electron microscopy. Peroxidase labeling of axon terminals that were anterogradely labeled from(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) acts within the locus coeruleus (LC), to modulate activity of the LC-norepinephrine (NE) system. Combining molecular and cellular approaches, we demonstrate CRF receptor (CRFr) mRNA expression in Sprague-Dawley rat LC and provide the first in vivo evidence for agonist-induced internalization of CRFr. CRFr mRNA was(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection in the central nervous system (CNS) may lead to neuronal loss and progressively deteriorating CNS function: HIV-1 gene products, especially gp120, induce free radical-mediated apoptosis. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), are among the potential mediators of these effects. Neurons readily form ROS after gp120(More)
The endogenous opioid peptides, met- or leu-enkephalin, and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) regulate noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus (LC) in a convergent manner via projections from distinct brain areas. In contrast, the opioid peptide dynorphin (DYN) has been shown to serve as a co-transmitter with CRF in afferents to the LC. To further(More)
Central oxytocin (OT) modulates many social behaviors, including female rat sexual receptivity, quantified as the copulatory stance known as lordosis. The expression of the lordosis response is modulated by OT action in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH), as demonstrated by behavioral pharmacology experiments. However, the subcellular(More)