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The demonstrated functional interaction of metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu₅) receptors with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has prompted speculation that their activation may offer a potential treatment for aspects of schizophrenia. Development of selective mGlu₅ agonists has been difficult, but several different positive allosteric modulator (PAM)(More)
We have been exploring the mechanism of action of 5-(3,4-dichlorophenyl) methylhydantoin (hydantoin), an antiviral drug that inhibits the replication of poliovirus in culture. By varying the time of drug addition to infected cells, we found that the drug acts at a stage which is late in the replication cycle and subsequent to the step inhibited by(More)
Sazetidine-A has been recently proposed to be a "silent desensitizer" of alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), implying that it desensitizes alpha4beta2 nAChRs without first activating them. This unusual pharmacological property of sazetidine-A makes it, potentially, an excellent research tool to distinguish between the role of activation(More)
Spontaneous mutants of human rhinovirus 14 resistant to WIN 52084, an antiviral compound that inhibits attachment to cells, were isolated by selecting plaques that developed when wild-type virus was plated in the presence of high (2 micrograms/ml) or low (0.1 to 0.4 micrograms/ml) concentrations of the compound. Two classes of drug resistance were observed:(More)
Enumeration of virus particles requires relatively concentrated and uniformly dispersed virus preparations, which is difficult to achieve by the usual methods of negative staining and transmission electron microscopy. We have developed an electrophoretic method that concentrates enteroviruses onto a polycarbonate membrane for examination by high-resolution(More)
Metabotropic glutamate 2/3 (mGlu2/3) receptors are of considerable interest owing to their role in modulating glutamate transmission via presynaptic, postsynaptic and glial mechanisms. As part of our ongoing efforts to identify novel ligands for these receptors, we have discovered(More)
X-ray diffraction data were collected from human rhinovirus 14 crystals a few minutes after exposure to acid vapor and prior to excessive crystalline disorder. Conformational changes occurred (i) in the GH loop of viral protein (VP) 1, (ii) at the ion binding site on the outer surface of the pentamer center, and (iii) in VP3 and VP4 on the virion's interior(More)
Enviroxime is an antiviral compound that inhibits the replication of rhinoviruses and enteroviruses. We have explored the mechanism of action of enviroxime by using poliovirus type 1 and human rhinovirus type 14 as model systems. By varying the time of drug addition to virus-infected cells, we determined that enviroxime could be added several hours(More)