Beverley R. Green

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Diatoms are unicellular algae with plastids acquired by secondary endosymbiosis. They are responsible for approximately 20% of global carbon fixation. We report the 34 million-base pair draft nuclear genome of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana and its 129 thousand-base pair plastid and 44 thousand-base pair mitochondrial genomes. Sequence and(More)
Diatoms are photosynthetic secondary endosymbionts found throughout marine and freshwater environments, and are believed to be responsible for around one-fifth of the primary productivity on Earth. The genome sequence of the marine centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana was recently reported, revealing a wealth of information about diatom biology. Here we(More)
The structure of pea light-harvesting complex LHCII determined to 3.4 Å resolution by electron crystallography (Kühlbrandt, Wang and Fujiyoshi (1994) Nature 367: 614–621) was examined to determine the relationship between structural elements and sequence motifs conserved in the extended family of light-harvesting antennas (Chl a/b, fucoxanthin Chl a/c(More)
The light-harvesting complexes (LHCs) are a superfamily of chlorophyll-binding proteins present in all photosynthetic eukaryotes. The Lhc genes are nuclear-encoded, yet the pigment–protein complexes are localized to the thylakoid membrane and provide a marker to follow the evolutionary paths of plastids with different pigmentation. The LHCs are divided into(More)
A large proportion of the chlorophyll in a plant is engaged in harvesting light energy and transferring it to the photochemical reaction centres. These 'antenna' chlorophylls are non-covalently bound to specific proteins to form chlorophyll-protein complexes. The chlorophyll a/b-binding (CAB) polypeptides are encoded by an extended family of nuclear genes.(More)
Photosynthetic dinoflagellates are important aquatic primary producers and notorious causes of toxic 'red tides'. Typical dinoflagellate chloroplasts differ from all other plastids in having a combination of three envelope membranes and peridinin-chlorophyll a/c light-harvesting pigments. Despite evidence of a dinoflagellete satellite DNA containing(More)
The prochlorophytes are oxygenic prokaryotes differing from other cyanobacteria by the presence of a light-harvesting system containing both chlorophylls (Chls) a and b and by the absence of phycobilins. We demonstrate here that the Chl a/b binding proteins from all three known prochlorophyte genera are closely related to IsiA, a cyanobacterial Chl(More)
Complete chloroplast 23S rRNA and psbA genes from five peridinin-containing dinoflagellates (Heterocapsa pygmaea, Heterocapsa niei, Heterocapsa rotun-data, Amphidinium carterae, and Protoceratium reticulatum) were amplified by PCR and sequenced; partial sequences were obtained from Thoracosphaera heimii and Scrippsiella trochoidea. Comparison with(More)
As an important component of marine phytoplankton, diatoms must be able to cope with large changes in illumination on a daily basis. They have an active xanthophyll cycle and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), but no homolog has been detected for the gene encoding the PsbS protein required for NPQ in plants. However, diatoms do have a branch of the(More)
The chloroplast genomes of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum and the centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana have been completely sequenced and are compared with those of other secondary plastids of the red lineage: the centric diatom Odontella sinensis, the haptophyte Emiliania huxleyi, and the cryptophyte Guillardia theta. All five chromist(More)