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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex disease, with genetics and environment contributing to the disease onset. Recent studies of causative PD genes have confirmed the involvement of cellular mechanisms engaged in mitochondrial and UPS dysfunction, oxidative stress and apoptosis in the progressive degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons in PD. In addition,(More)
Type-1 interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines with a critical role in the initiation and regulation of the pro-inflammatory response. However, the contribution of the type-1 IFNs to CNS disorders, specifically chronic neuropathologies such as Parkinson's disease is still unknown. Here, we report increased type-1 IFN signaling in both post mortem human(More)
Neuro-inflammation has long been implicated as a contributor to the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in both humans and animal models. Type-1 interferons (IFNs) are pleiotropic cytokines critical in mediating the innate immune pro-inflammatory response. The production of type-1 IFNs following pathogen detection is, in part, through the activation of the(More)
Neuro-inflammation is a critical process by which the brain coordinates chemokine-regulated cellular recruitment, cytokine release, and cell-mediated removal of pathogenic material to protect against infection or brain injury. Dysregulation of this immune response is involved in multiple neurodegenerative disorders, however the precise contribution of(More)
Date: 27/6/14 Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurological disorder worldwide, affecting approximately 6.3 million people. Age is an increasing risk for PD with an incidence of 1:1000 for people over 65 and 1:100 over 75 years. The average age of onset is 55-65 years of age [1]. There are currently approximately 70,000 Australians living(More)
Evidence from post-mortem human brains, animal studies and cell culture models has implicated neuroinflammation in the aetiology of chronic neuropathologies including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Although the neuroinflammatory response is considered detrimental in contributing to these pathologies, the underlying mechanisms are still not well(More)
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