Betty Stephen

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Previous studies have reported on propagation of individual spikes in isolated segments of the pregnant uterus, but there is no information on patterns of spike propagation in the intact organ. There is also no information on propagation of myometrial burst. The aim of this study was to record, at high resolution, patterns of propagation of electrical(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastric arrhythmias occur in humans and experimental animals either spontaneously or induced by drugs or diseases. However, there is no information regarding the origin or the propagation patterns of the slow waves that underlie such arrhythmias. METHODS To elucidate this, simultaneous recordings were made on the antrum and the distal(More)
Slow waves are known to originate orally in the stomach and to propagate toward the antrum, but the exact location of the pacemaker and the precise pattern of propagation have not yet been studied. Using assemblies of 240 extracellular electrodes, simultaneous recordings of electrical activity were made on the fundus, corpus, and antrum in open abdominal(More)
In a few recent studies, the presence of arrhythmias based on reentry and circus movement of the slow wave have been shown to occur in normal and diseased stomachs. To date, however, reentry has not been demonstrated before in any other part of the gastrointestinal system. No animals had to be killed for this study. Use was made of materials obtained during(More)
In an anesthetized, open-abdomen, canine model, the propagation pattern of the slow wave and its direction, velocity, amplitude, and frequency were investigated in the small intestine of 8 dogs. Electrical recordings were made using a 240-electrode array from 5 different sites, spanning the length of the small intestine. The majority of slow waves(More)
High resolution electrical mapping in the gastrointestinal system entails recording from a large number of extracellular electrodes simultaneously. It allows the collection of signals from 240 individual sites which are then amplified, filtered, digitized, multiplexed and stored on tape. After recording, periods of interest can be analysed and the original(More)
In an open-abdominal anesthetized and fasted canine model of the intact small intestine, the presence, location, shape, and frequency of spike patches were investigated. Recordings were performed with a 240-electrode array (24 x 10, 2-mm interelectrode distance) from several sites sequentially, spanning the whole length of the small intestine. All 240(More)
The relationship between slow waves and peristaltic reflexes has not been well analyzed. In this study, we have recorded the electrical activity of slow waves together with that generated by spontaneous peristaltic contractions at 240 extracellular sites simultaneously. Recordings were made from five isolated tubular and six sheet segments of feline(More)
In seven isolated segments of the feline duodenum, the timings of all spikes and the locations of all spike patches that occurred after 12-16 successive slow waves were analysed. Simultaneous recordings were performed during 1-min periods using 240 extracellular electrodes (24 x 10 array; interelectrode distance 2 mm) positioned onto the serosal surface. In(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the propagation of electrical impulses in a reversible, complete or partial unilateral ureteral obstruction model in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS In Wistar rats the left mid ureter was completely (8) or partially (7) occluded and released after 24 hours. We recorded electrical activity of the left and right ureter before, during and(More)