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The effect of the composition and bonding configuration of the bioactive silica-based glasses on the initial stage in vitro bioactivity is presented. Information of the IR active Si-O groups of glass in the system SiO(2)-P(2)O(5)-CaO-Na(2)O-K(2)O-MgO-B(2)O(3) was obtained by fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Two different bands associated to(More)
Implant-related infections are a serious complication in orthopaedic and dental surgery resulting in prolonged hospitalization, high medical costs and patient mortality. The development of porous implants loaded with antibiotics may enable a local delivery for preventing surface colonization and biofilm formation. A new generation of bio-derived porous(More)
The plasma spray (PS) technique is the most popular method commercially in use to produce calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings to promote fixation and osteointegration of the cementless prosthesis. Nevertheless, PS has some disadvantages, such as the poor coating-to-substrate adhesion, low mechanical strength, and brittleness of the coating. In order to(More)
Micro- and nano-testing methods have been explored to study the thin calcium phosphate coatings with high adhesive strength. The pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique was utilised to produce calcium phosphate coatings on metal substrates, because this type of coatings exhibit much higher adhesive strength with substrates than conventional plasma-sprayed(More)
A comparative study between hydroxyapatite coatings produced by two different techniques, plasma spray (PS) and pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) was carried out. Plasma spray is currently commercially used for coating dental and orthopaedical implant devices, and pulsed-laser deposition (or laser-ablation deposition) gave good results in the field of high(More)
A comparative study of the biological stability and the osteoconductivity of hydroxylapatite (HA) coatings produced by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and plasma spraying (PS) was conducted. Three different implant groups were used: grit-blasted titanium rods coated with HA-PLD (2-microm-thick), grit-blasted titanium rods coated with HA-PS (50-microm-thick),(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) effects on physostigmine (PHY)-induced yawning were studied in LY Sprague-Dawley rats by injecting Lu 10 171 (citalopram), a specific 5-HT uptake blocker, and two antagonists--methiothepine and ritanserin--which differ slightly in the selectivity of their actions on different 5-HT receptor subtypes. Infant and young rats show significant(More)
A new generation of light, tough and high-strength material for medical implants for bone substitutions with a good biological response is presented. The innovative product that fulfills all these requirements is based on biomorphic silicon carbide ceramics coated with a bioactive glass layer. The combination of the excellent mechanical properties and low(More)
The aim of this study consisted on investigating the influence of silicon substituted hydroxyapatite (Si-HA) coatings over the human osteoblast-like cell line (SaOS-2) behaviour. Diatomaceous earth and silica, together with commercial hydroxyapatite were respectively the silicon and HA sources used to produce the Si-HA coatings. HA coatings with 0 wt% of(More)
In the biomedical field, the synthetic hydroxyapatite [Ca(10)(PO)(4)(OH)(2)], with similarity to the inorganic component of bone but brittle, has been considered as the appropriate coating on stronger implant materials, such as metallic implants, for presenting a surface which is conductive to bone formation. Many industrial and laboratory techniques were(More)