Betty J. Flehinger

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We assessed the effect of surgery on survival from stage I non-small-cell lung cancer based on data collected in these screening programs. The majority of patients diagnosed in each program were treated by surgical resection, but 5 percent of the Sloan-Kettering group, 21 percent of the Hopkins group and 11 percent of the Mayo group failed to receive(More)
From 1984 to 1991, 136 patients with histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer and stage IIIa (N2) disease received two to three cycles of MVP (mitomycin + vindesine or vinblastine + high-dose cisplatin) chemotherapy. All patients had clinical N2 disease, defined as bulky mediastinal lymph node metastases or multiple levels of lymph node(More)
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering lung cancer screening program was begun in 1974 to evaluate sputum cytology as a supplement to the annual chest x-ray examination for early detection and diagnosis. The 10,040 adult, male cigarette smokers who enrolled were randomly assigned to receive annual chest x-ray examinations only or a dual screen with annual chest x-ray(More)
Whereas most physicians believe that long-term survival is unlikely when mediastinal lymph node metastases are present, a significant number of these patients do have resectable tumors with encouraging long-term survival results. Data are presented to support this view, and steps identified to guide the physicians in selecting the patients who can benefit(More)
Nine hundred sixty-one patients underwent operations for the treatment of carcinoma of the lung; 18 percent of these were 70 years of age or older. The effect of various factors, singly or in combination, on the incidence of postoperative complications was assessed. Variables included age, sex, cardiopulmonary status, cell type, stage of the disease, and(More)
This paper is concerned with the relationship between the occurrence of metastases and the size of primary cancers. We consider two probabilistic characterizations of this relationship. First is the distribution function of tumor sizes at the point of metastatic transition; second is the probability that detectable metastases are present when the cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The high incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer (160,000 new cases and 60,000 deaths in the United States each year) are compelling public health concerns. Following the evolution of effective surgery for this disease since the 1960s, the focus has been on improving methods of detection and integrating them into effective screening(More)
Our controlled trial of screening for colorectal cancer has now been in progress for almost five years. Screening is accomplished by rigid sigmoidoscopy in control and study groups and, in addition, by fecal occult blood testing in the study group. Patients screened are men and women age 40 and older, mostly at average risk. Fecal occult blood testing is(More)
We consider a life testing situation in which systems are subject to failure from independent competing risks. Following a failure, immediate (stage-1) procedures are used in an attempt to reach a definitive diagnosis. If these procedures fail to result in a diagnosis, this phenomenon is called masking. Stage-2 procedures, such as failure analysis or(More)