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From 1984 to 1991, 136 patients with histologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer and stage IIIa (N2) disease received two to three cycles of MVP (mitomycin + vindesine or vinblastine + high-dose cisplatin) chemotherapy. All patients had clinical N2 disease, defined as bulky mediastinal lymph node metastases or multiple levels of lymph node(More)
Whereas most physicians believe that long-term survival is unlikely when mediastinal lymph node metastases are present, a significant number of these patients do have resectable tumors with encouraging long-term survival results. Data are presented to support this view, and steps identified to guide the physicians in selecting the patients who can benefit(More)
Nine hundred sixty-one patients underwent operations for the treatment of carcinoma of the lung; 18 percent of these were 70 years of age or older. The effect of various factors, singly or in combination, on the incidence of postoperative complications was assessed. Variables included age, sex, cardiopulmonary status, cell type, stage of the disease, and(More)
This paper is concerned with the relationship between the occurrence of metastases and the size of primary cancers. We consider two probabilistic characterizations of this relationship. First is the distribution function of tumor sizes at the point of metastatic transition; second is the probability that detectable metastases are present when the cancer(More)
The Memorial Sloan-Kettering lung cancer screening program was begun in 1974 to evaluate sputum cytology as a supplement to the annual chest x-ray examination for early detection and diagnosis. The 10,040 adult, male cigarette smokers who enrolled were randomly assigned to receive annual chest x-ray examinations only or a dual screen with annual chest x-ray(More)
This is a report of the initial (prevalence) screening for lung cancer in a population of 10.040 cigarette-smoking men 45 yr of age and older, recruited from metropolitan New York. All had posteroanterior and lateral chest roentgenograms, and approximately half the men, randomly chosen, also had sputum cytology (dual screen). Fifty-three confirmed lung(More)
We assessed the effect of surgery on survival from stage I non-small-cell lung cancer based on data collected in these screening programs. The majority of patients diagnosed in each program were treated by surgical resection, but 5 percent of the Sloan-Kettering group, 21 percent of the Hopkins group and 11 percent of the Mayo group failed to receive(More)
BACKGROUND The high incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer (160,000 new cases and 60,000 deaths in the United States each year) are compelling public health concerns. Following the evolution of effective surgery for this disease since the 1960s, the focus has been on improving methods of detection and integrating them into effective screening(More)
From 1974 to 1981, 1598 patients with non-oat cell carcinoma of the lung were seen and treated. All were staged according to the AJC staging system. Of these, 706 patients had evidence of mediastinal lymph node metastases (N2). There were 151 patients (21%) who had complete, potentially curative resection of their primary tumor and all accessible(More)