Betty H. Olson

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A rapid method for the direct extraction of DNA from soil and sediments was developed. The indigenous microorganisms in the soil and sediments were lysed by using lysozyme and a freeze-thaw procedure. The lysate was extracted with sodium dodecyl sulfate and phenol-chloroform. In addition to a high recovery efficiency (greater than 90%), the yields of DNA(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify an Escherichia coli 16S ribosomal gene fragment from sediments with high contents of humic substances. Total DNA was extracted from 1 g of E. coli seeded or unseeded samples by a rapid freeze-and-thaw method. Several approaches (use of Bio-Gel P-6 and P-30 and Sephadex G-50 and G-200 columns, as well(More)
To understand how to optimize performance of a partially nitrifying plant, the dynamics of Nitrospira and Nitrobacter abundance were studied over a 1 year period using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and their relative contributions to nitrite oxidation assessed including the affects of temperature and dissolved oxygen (DO). Correlation(More)
Polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify the low copy number of two 16S ribosomal gene fragments from soil and sediment extracts. Total DNA for polymerase chain reaction was extracted from 1 g of seeded or unseeded samples by a rapid freeze-and-thaw method. Amplified DNA fragments can be detected in DNA fractions isolated from seeded soil containing(More)
This research describes a method based on PCR to identify cattle fecal pollution in water using a portion of the heat labile toxin IIA (LTIIa) gene from enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). We describe the development of the primers and target. DNA extracts (221) from different animal fecal and human sewage samples were screened and showed no(More)
Three independent microbial source tracking (MST) methods were applied to a small urban subwatershed in Orange County, California. Fifty-seven water samples collected over summer 2002 were analyzed for human adenovirus and enterovirus. Enterococci and E. coli were isolated for antibiotic resistance analysis (ARA) and for PCR identification of human- and(More)
The effects of mercury contamination of lake sediments on the phenotypic and genotypic mercury resistance of the indigenous heterotrophic aerobic bacterial communities were investigated. Strong positive correlations between mercury sediment concentration and the frequency of the gene coding for mercury volatilization (mer) (r = 0.96) or the phenotypic(More)
The densities of filamentous fungal colonies, together with physicochemical and bacteriological parameters, were assessed in a chlorinated and unchlorinated drinking water distribution system at eight separate times over a period of 1 year. Filamentous fungal colonies were enumerated by membrane filtration on Czapek-Dox agar. The mean number of filamentous(More)
The occurrence and diversity of the Escherichia coli R773 ars operon were investigated among arsenic-resistant enteric and nonenteric bacteria isolated from raw sewage and arsenic-enriched creek waters. Selected isolates from each creek location were screened for ars genes by colony hybridization and PCR. The occurrence of arsA, arsB, and arsC determined by(More)
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a sporulating parasitic protozoan that infects the upper small intestinal tract. It has been identified as both a food and waterborne pathogen endemic in many developing countries. It is an important agent of Traveller's Diarrohea in developed countries and was responsible for numerous foodborne outbreaks in the United States and(More)