Betty H. Johnson

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Glucocorticoids (GCs) induce apoptosis in lymphoid cells through activation of the GC receptor (GR). We have evaluated the role of p38, a MAPK, in lymphoid cell apoptosis upon treatment with the synthetic GCs dexamethasone (Dex) or deacylcortivazol (DAC). The highly conserved phosphoprotein p38 MAPK is activated by specific phosphorylation of its(More)
We have recently identified nc886 (pre-miR-886 or vtRNA2-1) as a novel type of non-coding RNA that inhibits activation of protein kinase R (PKR). PKR’s pro-apoptotic role through eukaryotic initiation factor 2 α (eIF2α) phosphorylation is well established in the host defense against viral infection. Paradoxically, some cancer patients have elevated PKR(More)
Glucocorticoids are frequently used as a primary chemotherapeutic agent in many types of human lymphoid malignancies because they induce apoptosis through activation of the glucocorticoid receptor, with subsequent alteration of a complex network of cellular mechanisms. Despite clinical usage for over fifty years, the complete mechanism responsible for(More)
From a human placental lambda gt11 cDNA library, we have isolated a cDNA clone that encodes the entire 215-residue amino acid sequence of HMG-1. Analysis of an internal sequence similarity suggests that the DNA-binding domains of HMG-1 are separated by a rather long and flexible linker segment. Southern blotting of DNA digested with BamHI indicated a highly(More)
Literature dealing with the biological activities of cholesterol autoxidation products and related oxysterols in vivo and in vitro published since the previous 1981 monograph is reviewed. Although several oxysterols are important cholesterol metabolites implicated in bile acids and steroid hormones biosynthesis, effects on cellular membranes and on specific(More)
Gene expression was evaluated in clones of the acute lymphoblastic leukemic cell line CEM that were sensitive or resistant to apoptosis evoked by the glucocorticoid, dexamethasone (Dex). Founding clones CEM-C7 (glucocorticoid sensitive) and CEM-C1 (glucocorticoid resistant) were subcloned to maximize uniformity of each population studied. Among subclones of(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) induce apoptosis in lymphoid cells that contain functional GC receptors (GRs). However, GC resistance often is seen in cells with demonstrable GRs; one such line is CEM-C1. We have tested the hypothesis that positive interactions between GC and cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulate GC actions in CEM clones. Treatment of both GC-resistant CEM-C1(More)
Three closely related clones of leukemic lymphoid CEM cells were compared for their gene expression responses to the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (Dex). All three contained receptors for Dex, but only two responded by undergoing apoptosis. After a time of exposure to Dex that ended late in the interval preceding onset of apoptosis, gene microarray analyses(More)
Noncoding RNAs have drawn significant attention in biology recently. Whereas the current research is highly inclined to microRNAs, research on other noncoding RNAs has lagged behind. Here, we investigated a novel noncoding RNA that has been known as precursor microRNA miR-886 (pre-miR-886). Pre-miR-886 has been proposed also as a vault RNA, a component of(More)
In eukaryotic cells oxysterols inhibit cholesterol biosynthesis and cell growth. A potent oxysterol, 25-hydroxycholesterol, was used to investigate the biological effects of oxysterols on three clonal lines of either glucocorticoid-sensitive or -resistant CEM cells, human leukemic T-lymphocytes. In addition, the glucocorticoid sensitivity of an(More)