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There is a need to standardize the NDF procedure. Procedures have varied because of the use of different amylases in attempts to remove starch interference. The original Bacillus subtilis enzyme Type IIIA (XIA) no longer is available and has been replaced by a less effective enzyme. For fiber work, a new enzyme has received AOAC approval and is rapidly(More)
The thickness of the lipid bilayer in vesicles made of pure phosphatidylcholines, with acyl chain lengths ranging from 10 to 24 carbons, has been determined by analysis of continuous X-ray scattering data from vesicle pellets at temperatures above the lipid phase transition temperature. Bilayer thickness was found to vary linearly with the number of carbons(More)
The water-accessible volumes, the amounts of all significant osmolytes, and the protein concentration in the cytoplasm of aerobically grown Escherichia coli K-12 have been determined as a function of the osmolarity of the minimal growth medium. The volume of cytoplasmic water (Vcyto) decreases linearly with increasing osmolarity from 2.23(+/- 0.12)(More)
Fruits of the native South American tree Melicoccus bijugatus Jacq. (Sapindaceae) are consumed for both dietary and medicinal purposes, but limited information is available about the phytochemistry and health value of M. bijugatus fruits. Fruit tissues of the Florida Montgomery cultivar were assessed for sugars, using gas chromatography, and for total(More)
The pair distribution functions have been measured from freeze-fracture pictures of bacteriorhodopsin and rhodopsin recombinants with diacyl phosphatidylcholines (PC) of various hydrocarbon chain lengths. Pictures were used of samples that had been frozen from above the phase transition temperature of the lipid. Measured functions were compared with those(More)
The amounts of cytoplasmic water and of all osmotically significant cytoplasmic solutes were determined for Escherichia coli K-12 grown in 3-(N-morpholino)propane sulfonate (MOPS)-buffered glucose-minimal medium containing 0.5 M NaCl in the presence and absence of the osmoprotectants betaine and proline. The goal of this work is to correlate the effects of(More)
We have used vesicles made from delipidated bacteriorhodopsin and synthetic lecithins to address the following questions. If the transmembrane dimension of a protein hydrophobic surface differs from the equilibrium thickness of its lipid bilayer environment, will protein monomers aggregate to decrease the protein-lipid contact surface area? If so, how large(More)
In the human and veterinary orthopaedic literature it has been implied that intercondylar notch stenosis is a mechanical factor in cranial cruciate ligament rupture and intraarticular graft failure. The patients in this study were classified as normal (32), unilateral cruciate rupture (23), or bilateral cruciate rupture (17). The dogs were placed under(More)
Earlier studies suggest that butyrate has colonic differentiating and nutritional effects and that acarbose increases butyrate production. To determine the effects of acarbose on colonic fermentation, subjects were given 50-200 mg acarbose or placebo (cornstarch), three times per day, with meals in a double-blind crossover study. Fecal concentrations of(More)
Fagopyritols are mono-, di-, and trigalactosyl derivatives of D-chiro-inositol that accumulate in seeds of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) and may be important for seed maturation and as a dietary supplement. Fagopyritols and other soluble carbohydrates were assayed in mature groats and 11 milling fractions of common buckwheat seed. Because(More)