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With the recent success of the heterologous expression of mycobacterial antigens in corynebacteria, in addition to the importance of these bacteria in biotechnology and medicine, a better understanding of the structure of their cell envelopes was needed. A combination of molecular compositional analysis, ultrastructural appearance and freeze-etch electron(More)
Protective antigen (PA) of the tripartite anthrax toxin binds to a cell surface receptor and mediates the transport of two enzymatic components, edema factor and lethal factor, into the cytosol of host cells. Here recombinant PA(63) from Bacillus anthracis was reconstituted into artificial lipid bilayer membranes and formed ion permeable channels. The(More)
Anthrax toxin complex consists of three different molecules, the binding component protective antigen (PA, 83 kDa), and the enzymatic components lethal factor (LF, 90 kDa) and edema factor (EF, 89 kDa). The 63-kDa N-terminal part of PA, PA(63), forms a heptameric channel that inserts at low pH in endosomal membranes and that is necessary to translocate EF(More)
The anthrax toxin complex consists of three different molecules, protective antigen (PA), lethal factor (LF), and edema factor (EF). The activated form of PA, PA(63), forms heptamers that insert at low pH in biological membranes forming ion channels and that are necessary to translocate EF and LF in the cell cytosol. LF and EF are intracellular active(More)
Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin belongs to the family of binary AB type toxins that are structurally organized into distinct enzyme (A, C2I) and binding (B, C2II) components. The proteolytically activated 60-kDa C2II binding component is essential for C2I transport into target cells. It oligomerizes into heptamers and forms channels in lipid bilayer(More)
The 3D-structure of the maltooligosaccharide-specific LamB-channel of Escherichia coli (also called maltoporin) is known from X-ray crystallography. The 3D structure suggests that a number of aromatic residues (Y6, Y41, W74, F229, W358 and W420) within the channel lumen are involved in carbohydrate and ion transport. All aromatic residues were replaced by(More)
Corynebacterium callunae and Corynebacterium efficiens are close relatives of the glutamate-producing mycolata species Corynebacterium glutamicum. The properties of the pore-forming proteins, extracted by organic solvents, were studied. The cell extracts contained channel-forming proteins that formed ion-permeable channels with a single-channel conductance(More)
LamB of Escherichia coli K12, also called maltoporin, is an outer membrane protein, which specifically facilitates the diffusion of maltose and maltodextrin through the bacterial outer membrane. Each monomer is composed of an 18-stranded antiparallel beta-barrel. In the present work, on the basis of the known X-ray structure of LamB, the effects of(More)
The gram-positive bacterium Mycobacterium phlei was treated with detergents. Reconstitution experiments using lipid bilayers suggested that the detergent extracts contain a channel forming protein. The protein was purified to homogeneity by preparative SDS-PAGE and identified as a protein with an apparent molecular mass of about 135 kDa. The channel-forming(More)
The binding component (Vip1Ac) of the ADP-ribosylating vegetative insecticidal protein (Vip) of Bacillus thuringiensis HD201 was isolated from the supernatant of cell cultures. Vip1Ac protein solubilized at room temperature ran as oligomers on SDS-PAGE. These oligomers were not resistant to heating. Mass spectroscopic analysis of this high molecular mass(More)