Bettina Schelkle

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Theory predicts that sexual reproduction promotes disease invasion by increasing the evolutionary potential of the parasite, whereas asexual reproduction tends to enhance establishment success and population growth rate. Gyrodactylid monogeneans are ubiquitous ectoparasites of teleost fish, and the evolutionary success of the specious Gyrodactylus genus is(More)
Since Norway experienced the devastating Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea) epidemics in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, there has been heightened interest in how to treat gyrodactylosis in fish. Here we summarize chemical treatments previously used against gyrodactylids and discuss the main problems associated with these control measures including efficacy,(More)
The Bacillus anthracis virulence plasmid pXO2, which encodes for a polypeptide capsule, can be lost during long term laboratory storage. To determine if pXO2 is lost in nature we screened B. anthracis isolates obtained from B. anthracis spores from contaminated animal burial sites in Turkey for their ability to express a capsule upon primary culture. A(More)
The demand for ornamental fish has led to a steep rise in aquaculture for the hobbyist trade, promoting the emergence, persistence and spread of various infectious diseases. Complete control of disease outbreaks with antibiotics and chemical-based medicines is rare, but plant compounds may herald potential alternatives effective against a range of(More)
SUMMARY The enemy release hypothesis proposes that in parasite depleted habitats, populations will experience relaxed selection and become more susceptible (or less tolerant) to pathogenic infections. Here, we focus on a population of guppies (Poecilia reticulata) that are found in an extreme environment (the Pitch Lake, Trinidad) and examine whether this(More)
Traditional compounds used to treat fish diseases in aquaculture and the ornamental fish industry (such as formalin and malachite green) can be more toxic to the hosts than their parasites. With the reviviscence in the use of herbal products, various botanicals have been heralded as cures for particular pathogens, but the efficacy of these compounds for(More)
Spironucleus vortens is a protozoan fish parasite of veterinary and economic importance in the ornamental aquaculture industry. Despite this, key aspects of the life cycle of this organism, including its mode of transmission, have not been fully elucidated. We developed a non-invasive method for quantifying S. vortens in freshwater angelfish, which was then(More)
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