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Acute pancreatitis comprises, in terms of clinical, pathologic, biochemical, and bacteriologic data, four entities. Interstitial edematous pancreatitis and necrotizing pancreatitis are the most frequent clinical manifestations; pancreatic pseudocyst and pancreatic abscess are late complications after necrotizing pancreatitis, developing after 3 to 5 weeks.(More)
BACKGROUND Infection of pancreatic necrosis has a major impact on clinical course, management, and outcome in acute pancreatitis. Currently, guided fine needle aspiration is the only means for an early and accurate diagnosis of infected necrosis. Procalcitonin (PCT), a 116 amino acid propeptide of calcitonin, and interleukin 8 (IL-8), a strong neutrophil(More)
We compared the manually performed LUMItest procalcitonin (PCT) assay with the newly developed fully mechanized Kryptor PCT assay and determined the essential assay characteristics of this assay. The new Kryptor PCT assay was evaluated according to modified NCCLS EP-10/EP-6 protocols in five different laboratories. Samples from 696 patients were assayed(More)
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) develops in about 25% of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). Severity of AP is linked to the presence of systemic organ dysfunctions and/or necrotizing pancreatitis pathomorphologically. Risk factors determining independently the outcome of SAP are early multi-organ failure, infection of necrosis and extended necrosis(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic infections and sepsis are major complications in severe acute pancreatitis (AP) with significant impact on management and outcome. We investigated the value of Procalcitonin (PCT) for identifying patients at risk to develop pancreatic infections in severe AP. METHODS A total of 104 patients with predicted severe AP were enrolled in(More)
Various chemokine receptors, namely CXCR4, CCR6 and CCR7, have recently been shown to be involved in the regulation of metastasis in malignant tumors. However, little is known about the role of these receptors in promoting tumor metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC) to the primary site of CRC metastasis in the liver. To investigate this issue, we analyzed(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most frequent visceral neoplasms worldwide. Using RT-PCR, ELISA, microdissection and immunohistochemistry, we investigated the expression profiles of CCL19, CCL20, CCL21 and CXCL12 and their receptors in tumourous and tumour neighbouring tissues from patients with HCC and in nonmalignant liver lesions,(More)
Emergency operations for perforations and anastomotic leakage of the upper gastrointestinal tract are associated with a high overall morbidity and mortality rate. An endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has been established successfully for anastomotic leakage after rectal resection but only limited data exist for EVT of the upper GI tract. We report on a series(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Infection of necrosis is considered as principal determinant of outcome in necrotizing pancreatitis and as potential complication after operative treatment of sterile necrosis. In this report a new concept is proposed. METHODS Of 392 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis, 135 patients with operatively treated sterile necrosis were(More)
This study focuses on patients with severe acute pancreatitis complicated by organ failure within the initial phase of the disease. Data of 158 patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) admitted to hospital within 72 hours after onset of symptoms were prospectively documented and analyzed for the occurrence of early severe acute pancreatitis (ESAP).(More)