Bettina König

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Fibrates and thiazolidinediones, agonists of PPARalpha and PPARgamma, respectively, reduce triglyceride concentrations in rat liver and plasma. Fatty acid and triacylglycerol synthesis in mammals is regulated by sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1c. Recently, it was shown that insulin-induced gene (Insig)-1, the key regulator of SREBP(More)
PPARalpha is a lipid-activable transcription factor that mediates the adaptive response to fasting. Recent data indicate an important role of brain PPARalpha in physiological functions. However, it has not yet been shown whether PPARalpha in brain can be activated in the fasting state. Here we demonstrate that fasting of rats increased mRNA concentrations(More)
Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) of the prostate is a specific urological examination. This morphological imaging technique is often capable of identifying the cause for raised values of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or of clarifying hard tissue regions found during rectal palpation. Particulary in view of constantly increasing number of patients undergoing(More)
Regulatory CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3-positive T cells (Treg) are functional in most atopic patients with allergic rhinitis and are able to inhibit T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cytokine production of CD4+ CD25- T cells. This study was designed to analyse the following additional aspects: influence of allergen concentration, influence of the type of allergen, and(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of hyperlipidemic patients with fibrates, agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), provokes muscle atrophy as a side effect. The molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon is still unknown. We tested the hypothesis that activation of PPARα leads to an up-regulation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS)(More)
Monocarboxylates such as pyruvate, lactate and ketone bodies are crucial for energy supply of all tissues, especially during energy restriction. The transport of monocarboxylates across the plasma membrane of cells is mediated by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). Out of 14 known mammalian MCTs, six isoforms have been functionally characterized to(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the cholesterol lowering effects of PPARalpha agonists we investigated key regulators of cholesterol synthesis and uptake in rats and in the rat hepatoma cell line Fao after treatment with the PPARalpha agonists clofibrate and WY 14,643, respectively. In rat liver as well as in Fao cells, PPARalpha activation led to a(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha mediates an adaptive response to fasting by up-regulation of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation and ketone body synthesis. Ketone bodies are transferred in and out of cells by monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)-1. In this study we observed for the first time that activation of PPARalpha in rats by(More)
We analysed eight monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed against the Mip (macrophage infectivity potentiator) protein, a virulence factor of the intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila. Mip belongs to the FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs) and exhibits peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) activity. Five of the mAbs recognised epitopes in the(More)
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) have attracted scientific interest due to their potential beneficial effects on atherosclerosis. Recently, a mixture of CLA isomers was demonstrated to upregulate LDL receptor expression in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be resolved. Thus, the aim of this study was to(More)