Bettina Hofmann

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Boswellic acids (BAs) are assumed as the anti-inflammatory principles of Boswellia species. Initially, it was found that BAs inhibit leukotriene biosynthesis and 5-lipoxygenase (EC number, whereas suppression of prostaglandin formation and inhibition of cyclooxygenases (COX, EC number has been excluded. Recently, we demonstrated that(More)
Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (EC from Bacillus circulans has been purified, crystallized and analyzed by X-ray diffraction. The enzyme is monomeric. SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis gave an Mr of 73,600(+/- 1000), corresponding to 670(+/- 10) amino acid residues. The structure of the crystalline enzyme has been elucidated at a resolution(More)
BACKGROUND Threonine Aspartase 1 (Taspase1) mediates cleavage of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) protein and leukemia provoking MLL-fusions. In contrast to other proteases, the understanding of Taspase1's (patho)biological relevance and function is limited, since neither small molecule inhibitors nor cell based functional assays for Taspase1 are currently(More)
The activity of 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase), which catalyses two initial steps in the biosynthesis of pro-inflammatory LTs (leukotrienes), is strictly regulated. One recently discovered factor, CLP (coactosin-like protein), binds 5-LO and promotes LT formation. In the present paper we report that CLP also stabilizes 5-LO and prevents non-turnover inactivation of(More)
Human 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) can form dimers as shown here via native gel electrophoresis, gel filtration chromatography and LILBID (laser induced liquid bead ion desorption) mass spectrometry. After glutathionylation of 5-LO by diamide/glutathione treatment, dimeric 5-LO was no longer detectable and 5-LO almost exclusively exists in the monomeric form which(More)
Frankincense preparations, used in folk medicine to cure inflammatory diseases, showed anti-inflammatory effectiveness in animal models and clinical trials. Boswellic acids (BAs) constitute major pharmacological principles of frankincense, but their targets and the underlying molecular modes of action are still unclear. Using a BA-affinity Sepharose matrix,(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) is an important enzyme of the arachidonic acid cascade and catalyses with the help of FLAP, the 5-LO-activating protein, the formation of bioactive leukotrienes (LTs). LTs are inflammatory mediators playing a pathophysiological role in different diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis as well as cardiovascular diseases and certain(More)
Because of their favourable safety profile and beneficial anti-inflammatory properties, the CysLT1 receptor antagonists (LTRA), montelukast, zafirlukast and pranlukast are approved for the treatment of asthma and are frequently prescribed as add-on therapeutics to reduce the amount of inhaled glucocorticoids and β2-agonists. There is evidence that some of(More)
A novel class of potent direct 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitors bearing a thiazolinone-scaffold identified by virtual screening is presented. A range of substitutions and the importance of the 2-phenyl moiety were evaluated. This series is characterized by high potency in intact polymorphonuclear leukocytes and a cell-free system, exemplified by(More)