Betsy Kuipers

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Neisseria meningitidis strains express a diverse range of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) structures that have been classified into 12 immunotypes. A feature of meningococcal LPS is the reversible, high-frequency switching of expression (phase variation) of terminal LPS structures. A number of studies are strongly suggestive of a key role for these terminal(More)
An experimental serogroup B meningococcal vaccine was prepared from two genetically engineered strains; each expressing three different class 1 outer membrane proteins (OMPs) (PorA). The two strains expressed the subtypes P1.7,16;P1.5,2;P1.19,15 and P1.5c,10;P1.12,13;P1.7h,4, respectively. Outer membrane vesicles (OMV) were prepared from these strains by(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is one of the major constituents of the gram-negative bacterial cell envelope. Its endotoxic activity causes the relatively high reactogenicity of whole-cell vaccines. Several bacteria harbor LPS-modifying enzymes that modulate the endotoxic activity of the LPS. Here we evaluated whether two such enzymes, i.e., PagP and PagL, could(More)
When grown under iron limitation, Neisseria meningitidis expresses a number of outer membrane proteins (OMPs), one of which is a 70-kilodalton (kDa) major OMP. After immunization of mice with outer membrane preparations of iron-depleted cells of strain H44/76 (B:15:P1.7,16), hybridoma cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies against the 70-kDa OMP were(More)
The immunogenicity of outer membrane complexes (OMCs) or heat-inactivated bacteria of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-deficient mutant derived from meningococcal strain H44/76 was studied. The immune response in BALB/c mice to the major outer membrane proteins was poor compared to the immune response elicited by wild-type immunogens. However, addition of(More)
In order to explain a threefold increase in the incidence of meningococcal disease in the Netherlands during the 1980s, we serotyped and subtyped Neisseria meningitidis isolates recovered between 1958 and 1990 from > 3,000 patients with systemic disease. No single strain could be held responsible for the increase. Apart from the newly introduced strain(More)
Neisseria meningitidis expresses a range of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) structures, comprising of at least 13 immunotypes (ITs). Meningococcal LOS is subject to phase variation of its terminal structures allowing switching between ITs, which is proposed to have functional significance in disease. The objectives of this study were to investigate the repertoire(More)
The whole cell vaccine (WCV) of Bordetella pertussis is protective in the intracerebral (i.c.) mouse protection assay. We found a correlation between the i.c. mouse protection assay potency and the presence of the virulence-associated outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in outer membrane complexes (OMC). The virulence-associated 92, 32 and 30 kDa OMPs were(More)
This paper describes the development of a murine bank of monoclonal antibodies against Bordetella pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pili, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or outer membrane proteins (OMPs). Subunits S1, S2, S3 of pertussis toxin (PT) bound immunoglobulins and glycoproteins such as fetuin and haptoglobin in an unspecific manner. The(More)
The major outer membrane protein PorA of Neisseria meningitidis is the target for bactericidal serosubtyping antibodies and is currently considered as a potential vaccine candidate against group B meningococcal disease. Although the minor antigenic variability of the PorA has been increasingly recognized and described, its implication for vaccine design(More)