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The recently described hemoglobin scavenger receptor CD163 mediates the endocytosis of hemoglobin:haptoglobin (Hb:Hp) complexes and thereby counters Hb-induced oxidative tissue damage after hemolysis. Although CD163 has been indirectly associated with antiinflammatory and atheroprotective activity, no ligand-receptor-effector pathway has yet been described(More)
A few nanograms of tetanus toxin injected into a rat hippocampus causes a chronic epileptic syndrome characterized by brief seizures that recur intermittently for about 6 weeks. Cognitive and other behavioural impairments persist after the seizures and other epileptic electrographic activity have remitted, and may be permanent. Our previous studies(More)
Shedding of adhesion molecules has been described for members of the selectin and immunoglobulin superfamilies, but integrins are not known to be shed. Here, we describe shedding of the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1; CD11a/CD18) from human leukocytes during the cutaneous inflammatory response to the blistering agent cantharidin.(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the current practice patterns of mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure in pediatric patients. DESIGN Mail survey using 2 hypothetical case studies sent to pediatric critical care physicians. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS The required arterial blood gas (ABG) on conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) is pH = 7.25 to(More)
OBJECTIVE It has previously been shown that as monocytes differentiate into macrophages, they lose the ability to secrete proinflammatory cytokines in response to monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether MSU crystals induce macrophages to secrete antiinflammatory factor instead. METHODS Human(More)
OBJECTIVE Extravascular trafficking of leukocytes into organs is thought to play a major role in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of the inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass, yet leukocyte extravasation is difficult to study clinically. Here we have tested the hypothesis that leukocyte emigration into skin blisters can provide a way to monitor the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of placental arteries capable of influencing vasomotor tone in the fetoplacental vascular bed. Contractile characteristics and endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent relaxation were examined. STUDY DESIGN By means of a small vessel myograph arteries of mean normalized internal(More)
The collagen crosslinks, pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline, have been developed as urinary markers of bone resorption but, despite wide clinical application of the technique, comparatively little attention has been paid to the standardization of these compounds. In this study, pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline have been purified from bone and converted(More)
Cantharidin skin blisters were examined over two days to model the acute and resolving phases of inflammation in human skin. Four blisters were created by topical administration of cantharidin (0.1% v/v) to the forearm of healthy volunteers, with IRB approval. Duplicate skin blisters were aspirated at 16 and 40 hours to model the proinflammatory and(More)