Betsy J. Hughes

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Human neutrophil (PMN) attachment to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) was evaluated in vitro using two MAbs, R6-5-D6 and RR1/1, that recognize intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and one MAb, TS1/18, that recognizes CD18. Pretreatment of the HUVEC with anti-ICAM-1 MAbs produced greater than 50% inhibition of attachment to HUVEC, and(More)
Neutrophil adhesion and direct cytotoxicity for cardiac myocytes require chemotactic stimulation and are dependent upon CD18-ICAM-1 binding. To characterize the potential role of IL-8 in this interaction, canine IL-8 cDNA was cloned and the mature recombinant protein expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 cells. Recombinant canine IL-8 markedly increased(More)
An inherited syndrome characterized by recurrent or progressive necrotic soft-tissue infections, diminished pus formation, impaired wound healing, granulocytosis, and/or delayed umbilical cord severance was recognized in four male and four female patients. As shown with subunit-specific monoclonal antibodies in immunofluorescence flow cytometry and 125I(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether leukocyte activation occurs, whether leukocyte-platelet complexes develop and whether there is any association between these findings and clinical outcome after coronary angioplasty. BACKGROUND Increased expression of CD11b on monocytes and neutrophils promotes their adhesion to(More)
Monoclonal antibodies recognizing CD18, CD11a, CD11b, and neutrophil lectin adhesion molecule 1 (LECAM-1), i.e., the human homologue of the murine MEL-14 antigen, were used to assess the relative contribution of these glycoproteins to neutrophil-endothelial adhesion. Under static conditions, the adhesion of neutrophils to IL-1-stimulated human umbilical(More)
Investigations of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function were performed in a 5-yr-old white female with delayed umbilical cord separation, impaired pus formation, and a severe defect of PMN chemotaxis. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis demonstrated an almost total deficiency of a high molecular weight glycoprotein(s) (GP138) in(More)
To identify possible secretory determinants of impaired hyperadherence and stimulated migration of neonatal granulocytes (NGs), we performed correlative studies of: (a) specific granule content and exocytosis, (b) secretago-gue-mediated upregulation of f-met-leu-phe (fMLP) receptors, (c) the chemotactic induction of the adhesive glycoproteins Mac-1 alpha(More)
Cardiac lymph from a canine model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion was examined for evidence of chemotactic activity. Lymph was continuously collected from awake animals before and during a 60-minute coronary artery occlusion and up to 6 hours after the initiation of reperfusion. It was assessed for the ability to activate the following(More)
Indirect immunofluorescent (IIF) techniques employing antitutulin and anticentrosome antibodies were modified for studies of migrating polymorphonuclear (PMNs) leukocytes exposed to gradients or uniform concentrations of chemotactic factor (CF). No significant changes in microtubule (MT) number per cell occurred with chemotactic activation. Significant(More)
A chemotaxigenesis (CTG) assay employing adult or neonatal sera, type III group B streptococci (GBS) and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was designed to evaluate the role of PMN mobilization in the pathogenesis of type III GBS infection in neonates. Generation of C5a in healthy adult sera with moderate-high (3-40 micrograms/ml) or low (less than or(More)