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IL-27 limits CD4(+) T(H)17 cell development in vitro and during inflammatory responses in the CNS. However, whether IL-27-IL-27R interactions regulate the homeostasis or function of CD4(+) T cell populations in the intestine is unknown. To test this, we examined CD4(+) T cell populations in the intestine of wild-type and IL-27R(-/-) mice. Naive IL-27R(-/-)(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) provide a primary physical barrier against commensal and pathogenic microorganisms in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, but the influence of IECs on the development and regulation of immunity to infection is unknown. Here we show that IEC-intrinsic IkappaB kinase (IKK)-beta-dependent gene expression is a critical regulator(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP); however, the in vivo influence of TSLP-TSLP receptor (TSLPR) interactions on immunity and inflammation in the intestine remains unclear. We show that TSLP-TSLPR interactions are critical for immunity to the intestinal pathogen Trichuris. Monoclonal antibody-mediated(More)
Alterations in the composition of intestinal commensal bacteria are associated with enhanced susceptibility to multiple inflammatory diseases, including those conditions associated with interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) T helper (Th17) cells. However, the relationship between commensal bacteria and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines remains(More)
Food intake over 90 min post-injection was studied in groups of food deprived (20 hr) female Sprague-Dawley (S.D.) rats, fatty Zucker (fa/fa) rats and their heterozygous lean litter mates (Fa/fa) of various ages, that bar-pressed for food pellets on a FR-1 schedule following a subcutaneous (SC) or an intracerebroventricular (IVT) injection of sterile saline(More)
Dendritic cells can prime naïve CD4 + T cells, however we demonstrate that DC-mediated priming is insufficient for the development of T H 2 cell-dependent immunity. We identify basophils as a dominant cell population that coexpressed MHC class II and Il4 message following helminth infection. Basophilia was promoted by thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and(More)
When plasminogen and streptokinase interact, a stable complex is formed which consists of plasminogen and streptokinase or the modified subunit plas-rain and streptokinase (1). Depending on the ratio of plasminogen to strepto-kinase, two general enzyme activities may appear: the proteolytic or "plasmin" activity directed against substrates such as casein(More)
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