Betiana Gutiérrez

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1. The effects of various Ca antagonists (nicardipine, nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem, flunarizine, cinnarizine, lidoflazine and papaverine) were studied in one in vitro (inhibition of CaCl2 induced contractions in isolated rat aorta) and two in vivo tests [survival after BaCl2 in the rat and survival after arachidonic acid (AA) in the mouse]. 2. Test(More)
A test for inhibition of mortality induced by intravenous injection of aconitine in rats is proposed as a particularly valid method, owing to its simplicity and degree of specificity, for inclusion among the preliminary screening tests for antiarrhythmic activity. LD50 (63.5 micrograms/kg, i.v.) and LD99 (118.9 micrograms/kg, i.v.) values of aconitine were(More)
The aims of the present study were 1) to evaluate the interlobular distribution of copper (Cu) in the liver of beef calves on a high-Cu diet, 2) to determine whether this distribution differs between Galician Blonds and Holstein Friesians, and 3) to determine whether in vivo needle biopsy provides an appropriate measure of overall hepatic Cu status. Liver(More)
Cizolirtine citrate (E-4018) is a new analgesic agent with antinociceptive activity against phenylquinone (ED50 33.7 mg/kg) and acetic acid (ED50 24.4 mg/kg) in mice, against acetic acid in rats (ED50 21.3 mg/kg) and in the plantar test (ED50 26.8 mg/kg). It demonstrated antinociceptive activity in the tail-pinch and tail-flick tests (ED50s of 68.0 and 46.0(More)
The effects of E-4716, a novel antihistamine compound, on histamine-induced bronchoconstriction, platelet activating factor (PAF)- or antigen-induced airway hyperreactivity, eosinophil infiltration, and airway microvascular leakage were compared with those of reference drugs in guinea pigs in vivo. E-4716 (300 microg/kg, i.v. or i.p.) suppressed(More)
The effects of E-4716 on chemical mediators were compared with those of classical antihistaminics and other second generation (nonsedating) drugs normally used in the therapy of allergic reactions, such as astemizole, terfenadine and ebastine, in a series of in vitro and in vivo tests. In vitro, antihistaminic activity was demonstrated in a test on isolated(More)
The general pharmacological profile and effects of E-4716 on the CNS have been investigated in comparison with other histamine receptor blockers. In in vitro studies with isolated organs and in binding studies on numerous receptors, E-4716 had no activity even at high concentrations, except for the selective blockade of H1 receptors. No activity was(More)
Droxicam showed high antiinflammatory activity in carrageenin-induced edema in rat. At doses of 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg, droxicam was as active as piroxicam and more active than phenylbutazone given at 2.5 and 5 mg/kg. Against nystatin-induced edema, droxicam (ED50, p.o., 5, 6, 7, 8 h: 7.5, 12.9, 4.8, 8.4 mg/kg) was 4-11 times more active than phenylbutazone and(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate if dietary Cu supplementation that leads to a hepatic Cu accumulation over the normal range has an influence on trace element status that could contribute to the pathogenesis of other mineral related disorders. Samples (liver, kidney, spleen, diaphragm and brain) of beef calves receiving typical commercial diets Cu(More)
The methods most frequently employed for the study of analgesic activity of opiates are those based on thermal stimuli (hot-plate, tail-flick, TWR). These tests, however, are only sensitive for opiates which are pure agonists. In this work, we propose a modification of the TWR method capable of detecting analgesic activity in both agonist and(More)