Bethany W. Long

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The failing heart is subject to elevated metabolic demands, adverse remodeling, chronic apoptosis, and ventricular dysfunction. The interplay among such pathologic changes is largely unknown. Several laboratories have identified a unique posttranslational modification that may have significant effects on cardiovascular function. The O-linked(More)
The singly coded gene O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) transferase (Ogt) resides on the X chromosome and is necessary for embryonic stem cell viability during embryogenesis. In mature cells, this enzyme catalyzes the posttranslational modification known as O-GlcNAc to various cellular proteins. Several groups, including our own, have shown that(More)
Diabetes is characterized by hyperglycaemia and perturbations in intermediary metabolism. In particular, diabetes can augment flux through accessory pathways of glucose metabolism, such as the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP), which produces the sugar donor for the β-O-linked-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) post-translational modification of proteins.(More)
Clinical trials demonstrate the regenerative potential of cardiac stem cell (CSC) therapy in the postinfarcted heart. Despite these encouraging preliminary clinical findings, the basic biology of these cells remains largely unexplored. The principal requirement for cell transplantation is to effectively prime them for survival within the unfavorable(More)
The present studies examined the temporal sequence of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene expression and the cellular sources of iNOS protein and of 3-nitrotyrosine, as a marker of production of nitric oxide-derived reactive nitrogen intermediates during murine multi-stage carcinogenesis. Levels of iNOS mRNA in dorsal skin isolated from(More)
Cell therapy improves cardiac function. Few cells have been investigated more extensively or consistently shown to be more effective than c-kit sorted cells; however, c-kit expression is easily lost during passage. Here, our primary goal was to develop an improved method to isolate c-kit(pos) cells and maintain c-kit expression after passaging. Cardiac(More)
Topical application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) to the dorsal epidermis of Sencar mice induces synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). These proteins differentially regulate proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes, as well as stimulate chemotaxis,(More)
Regulation of expression of interleukin 7 (IL-7) mRNA is aberrant in the leukemic subset of cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients. The entire coding sequence for IL-7 as well as an alternatively spliced IL-7 mRNA are transcribed in these leukemic cells. No IL-7 mRNA expression is detected in fresh peripheral blood mononuclear cells from(More)
Immunologically committed lymphocytes, especially mature, leukemic B cells, proliferate then accumulate without further cell division in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (CLL). These mature, leukemic B cells often produce autoantibodies. Under normal circumstances, immunologically committed lymphocytes that are autoreactive are deleted by a programmed(More)
In both preclinical and clinical studies, cell transplantation of several cell types is used to promote repair of damaged organs and tissues. Nevertheless, despite the widespread use of such strategies, there remains little understanding of how the efficacy of cell therapy is regulated. We showed previously that augmentation of a unique, metabolically(More)