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The objectives of the present study were to establish the presence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in New Zealand pigs, first by testing for HEV antibody in pig herds throughout New Zealand to measure the herd prevalence, then by attempting to amplify HEV genomic sequences by PCR. Antibody was measured by two independently designed ELISA serology tests. HEV RNA(More)
The sequence relationships of a range of cultivable and noncultivable human and animal rotaviruses were investigated by hybridization of rotavirus cDNA probes to genomic RNAs immobilized on diazobenzyloxymethyl paper. Under conditions of low stringency (34% base mismatch tolerated) most genome segments exhibited partial homology except for genes 4 and 5. In(More)
Transplantation of pig tissues into humans has the potential for cotransferring pig infections. Knowledge of the epidemiology of pig infections transmissible to humans allows the development of risk limitation strategies at the source herd level, but potentially infectious pig endogenous retrovirus (PERV) is ubiquitous in all domestic pigs and therefore is(More)
Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) causes infection of cattle worldwide and is a common contaminant of cell cultures in the laboratory. Methods of diagnosis for BVDV are time-consuming and inconsistent. We describe the development of an in vitro test based on enzymatic DNA amplification withThermus aquaticus DNA polymerase of sequences of BVDV cDNA reverse(More)
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection of antibodies to caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) in goat sera. The system was evaluated using some 1500 sera from flocks of known clinical history. From this data the interpretation limits of the system were determined. The ELISA system was compared with a gel(More)
The incidence of rotaviruses in calves, foals, dogs and cats in the Dunedin urban and rural areas was investigated using electron microscopy and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Of the 283 faecal specimens examined, 26% were positive for rotavirus. Comparison of the genetic electropherotypes was made by separating the viral dsRNA segments using(More)
TT-virus (TTV, patient initials: T.T.), a novel DNA virus, was first isolated in Japan in 1997 from serum of a patient with post-transfusion hepatitis of unknown aetiology. To date, the contribution of TTV to liver disease remains doubtful. The potential for transmission via blood and blood products makes it essential to establish the prevalence of TTV(More)
Previous work from our laboratory has shown that primary fibroblasts from long-lived Snell dwarf mice display a higher sensitivity to the lethal effects of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressors, such as thapsigargin, than cells from normal mice. Here we show that thapsigargin induces higher expression of CHOP, enhanced cleavage of caspase-12, higher(More)
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and subacute measles encephalitis (SME) are both rare complications of measles virus infection. SSPE typically affects immunocompetent children, has an insidious onset and follows a steadily progressive course. SME mainly occurs in immunosuppressed children and has a rapidly progressive course. We describe a 43(More)
Familiarity is thought to aid listeners in decoding disordered speech; however, as the speech signal degrades, the "familiarity advantage" becomes less beneficial. Despite highly unintelligible speech sound production, many children with dysarthria vocalize when interacting with familiar caregivers. Perhaps listeners can understand these vocalizations by(More)