Beth P. Goldstein

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BACKGROUND Anidulafungin, a new echinocandin, has potent activity against candida species. We compared anidulafungin with fluconazole in a randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial of treatment for invasive candidiasis. METHODS Adults with invasive candidiasis were randomly assigned to receive either intravenous anidulafungin or intravenous(More)
Dalbavancin, a novel glycopeptide with a long elimination half-life ( approximately 9-12 days), was compared to standard antimicrobial therapy for skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs). In a randomized, controlled, open-label, phase 2 proof-of-concept trial, adults received 1100 mg of dalbavancin (as a single intravenous infusion), 1000 mg of dalbavancin(More)
Vancomycin resistance in enterococci is an emerging therapeutic problem. Resistance is not always detected by standard microbiological methods. Oligonucleotide primers for PCR were designed to target amplification of defined regions of genes of the vanA cluster, as well as vanB and vanC1. These primers correctly identified 30 vancomycin-resistant isolates(More)
The emergence of clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin has prompted a search for new and novel therapeutic agents active against S. aureus. Lysostaphin, a peptidase produced by Staphylococcus simulans, specifically cleaves the glycine-glycine bonds unique to the interpeptide cross-bridge(More)
Nisin is a cationic peptide produced by Lactococcus lactis. Its activity against clinical isolates of Clostridium difficile was compared to that of vancomycin and metronidazole by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and time-kill studies. Nisin was more active than the other agents, with a MIC90 of 0.256 mg/L and(More)
The rabbit model of endocarditis was used to test the effectiveness of vancomycin and two different lysostaphin dosing regimens for the treatment of infections caused by a Staphylococcus aureus strain with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin (glycopeptide-intermediate susceptible S. aureus [GISA]). Vancomycin was ineffective, with no evidence of(More)
MDL 62,879 (formerly GE 2270 A) is a novel antibiotic active against Gram-positive bacteria by inhibiting protein synthesis. MDL 62,879 is not active against Gram-negative bacteria, but inhibits cell-free protein synthesis in extracts from Escherichia coli, and shows a high binding affinity for its elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu). We prepared ribosomes and(More)
In the course of a search for glycopeptide antibiotics having novel biological properties, we isolated A40926. Produced by an actinomycete of the genus Actinomadura, A40926 is a complex of four main factors which contain a fatty acid as part of a glycolipid attached to the peptide backbone. Its activity was, in most respects, similar to that of other(More)
Sir, Nisin, a lanthionine-containing peptide from L actococcus lactis, is used as a food preservative because of its activity against spoilage bacteria. Like other cationic peptides, nisin interacts with the cell membrane and induces pore formation. Because of the increasing resistance of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics, we are evaluating the potential(More)
Dalbavancin, a new-generation semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide in phase 3 clinical development, has been documented to be more active than vancomycin or teicoplanin against Gram-positive bacteria, including multidrug-resistant strains, by in vitro testing and in animal models. The human pharmacokinetics of dalbavancin predicts efficacy at weekly dosing(More)