Beth M. Isaac

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Estrogen receptor (ER) expression and Her-2 amplification define specific subsets of breast tumors for which specific therapies exist. The S-phase kinase-associated protein Skp2 is required for the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of the cdk-inhibitor p27 and is a bona fide proto-oncoprotein. Using microarray analysis and immunohistochemistry, we determined(More)
Colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) is an important physiological chemoattractant for macrophages. The mechanisms by which CSF-1 elicits the formation of filamentous actin (F-actin)-rich membrane protrusions and induces macrophage migration are not fully understood. In particular, very little is known regarding the contribution of the different members of(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP)-family verprolin homologous (WAVE) proteins play a major role in Rac-induced actin dynamics, but Rac does not bind directly to WAVE proteins. It has been proposed that either the insulin receptor substrate protein 53 (IRSp53) or a complex of proteins containing Abelson interactor protein 1 (Abi1) mediates the(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is an actin nucleation promoting factor that is required for macrophages to directionally migrate towards various chemoattractants. The chemotaxis defect of WASp-deficient cells and its activation by Cdc42 in vivo suggest that WASp plays a role in directional sensing, however, its precise role in macrophage chemotaxis(More)
Cryptococcus neoformans is the only encapsulated human-pathogenic fungus and a facultative intracellular pathogen that can reside in macrophages without host cell lysis. In the present study, we investigated how phagocytosis of C. neoformans affected the macrophage response to chemoattractants such as fractalkine (FKN) (CX3CL1) and colony-stimulating factor(More)
CX3CL1 (fractalkine), the only member of the delta subclass of chemokines, is a known chemotactic factor for monocytes/macrophages as well as NK cells and T lymphocytes. In several pathologies, excessive production of CX3CL1 at specific sites leads primarily to monocyte/macrophage recruitment, which causes tissue and vascular damage. Despite their clinical(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and its homologue neural-WASP (N-WASP) are nucleation promoting factors that integrate receptor signaling with actin cytoskeleton rearrangement. While hematopoietic cells express both WASP and N-WASP, WASP deficiency results in altered cell morphology, loss of podosomes and defective chemotaxis. It was determined that(More)
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