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There are substantial changes in maternal skeletal dynamics during pregnancy, lactation, and after lactation. The purpose of this study was to correlate changes in cortical and cancellous bone mass, structure, and dynamics with mechanical properties during and after the first reproductive cycle in rats. Rats were mated and groups were taken at parturition,(More)
Bone lining cells (BLC's) cover inactive (nonremodeling) bone surfaces, particularly evident in the adult skeleton. BLC's are thinly extended over bone surfaces, have flat or slightly ovoid nuclei, connect to other BLC's via gap junctions, and send cell processes into surface canaliculi. BLC's can be induced to proliferate and differentiate into osteogenic(More)
Macrophages are common in rat testicular interstitial tissues. Interstitial-tissue macrophages were characterized using ultrastructural, cytochemical, immunologic, and autoradiograhic methods. Testicular interstitial-tissue macrophages have a single indented nucleus, paranuclear Golgi complex, rough endoplasmic reticulum, coated vesicles, and numerous(More)
There is a rapid reversal in maternal skeletal metabolism and bone remodeling from accelerated bone resorption during lactation to skeletal rebuilding after lactation. The purpose was to determine the changes that occur in maternal osteoclasts during the transition from lactation to postlactation. Skeletal samples were taken from female rats on days 10 and(More)
Maternal skeletal mineral lost during lactation is rapidly restored after weaning. The purposes of this study were to determine when increases of bone formation occur after weaning, whether the expanding osteoblast population is derived from proliferating progenitors, and to relate these skeletal changes to known endocrine events at weaning. Female rats(More)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been used to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. However, HRT may increase the incidence of some cancers and has other side effects. There is considerable interest in dietary alternatives that include the consumption of soy and isoflavones derived from soy. The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
PURPOSE Macromolecular delivery systems have therapeutic uses because of their ability to deliver and release drugs to specific tissues. The uptake and localization of HPMA copolymers using Asp(8) as the bone-targeting moiety was determined in aged, ovariectomized (ovx) rats. PGE(1) was attached via a cathepsin K-sensitive linkage to HPMA copolymer-Asp(8)(More)
Because cancellous bone loss occurs following ovariectomy (OVX) in rats, this has become a popular model to explore therapeutic modalities for postmenopausal bone loss in humans. The purpose of this study was to determine intestinal calcium absorption in situ and organ-, tissue-, envelope-, and site-specific changes in osseous tissues at six weeks after OVX(More)
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has roles in bone growth, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) is suspected of having effects on bone, perhaps mediated by IGF-1. The purpose of this study was to determine the individual and combined effect of PTH and IGF-1 on fetal long bone metabolism. Three medial metatarsal bones were dissected from Sprague-Dawley rat(More)