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In this paper the Centering model of anaphora resolution and discourse coherence (Grosz, Joshi and Weinstein, 1983, 1995) is reformulated in terms of Optimality Theory (ot) (Prince and Smolensky 1993). One version of the reformulated model is proven to be descriptively equivalent to an earlier algorithmic statement of Centering due to Brennan, Friedman and(More)
1Above all, I’d like to thank Paul Kay for hours of discussion and useful feedback at every stage in the seemingly endless process of writing this chapter. I’m also grateful to Chuck Fillmore and Laura Michaelis for many useful discussions of both content and exposition and for comments on an earlier draft, which was also been improved by the comments of(More)
We challenge the predominant view of the English dative alternation, which takes all alternating verbs to have two meanings: a caused possession meaning realized by the double object variant and a caused motion meaning realized by the to variant. Instead, we argue that verbs like give and sell only have a caused possession meaning, while verbs like throw(More)
The notion 'object' 1 has proved useful in the description of grammatical phenomena in and across languages as it picks out a set of noun phrases characterized by a convergence of what Keenan (1976) calls behavioral and coding properties. Concomitantly, this notion has even been taken as a primitive within certain approaches to linguistic representation(More)
This dissertation examines the semantic underpinnings of argument realization. Much recent work in argument realization is based on some notion of “prominence preservation,” wherein the morphosyntactic prominence of an argument in the clause (e.g. its grammatical relation) supposedly reflects its prominence in the meaning of the clause. I explore prominence(More)
Nonstative verbs from various lexical fields are often classified as either manner or result verbs—a distinction implicated in language acquisition (Behrend 1990, Gentner 1978, Gropen et al. 1991), as well as in argument realization. Intuitively speaking, manner verbs specify as part of their meaning a manner of carrying out an action, while result verbs(More)
A hallmark of the English verb lexicon is the availability of multiple argument realization options for many English verbs. Studies of the English verb lexicon have drawn attention to one facet of this phenomenon: the availability of a range of object alternations (Levin 1993)—alternate realizations of the VP-internal arguments of apparently triadic verbs.(More)
The relationship between linguistic theory and empirical data is a proverbial two-way street, but it is not uncommon for the traffic in that street to move only in one direction. The study of raising and control is one such case, where the empirical lane has been running the risk of becoming too empty, and much theorizing has been done on the basis of(More)