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Sixty-five cases of nosocomially acquired Legionnaires' disease are reported and the world literature is reviewed. The etiologic agent, Legionnella pneumophila, has been isolated from several environmental sources at outbreak sites. Legionnaires' disease appears to be acquired by inhalation and is primarily manifested by severe, potentially fatal,(More)
Standardization of key clinical protocols and policies in the inpatient obstetric setting has the potential to improve care processes, ultimately resulting in better patient outcomes and decreased professional liability. Increasingly hospitals and healthcare systems are realizing benefits with adoption of standardization as a strategy for quality care(More)
Thirty-six women with suspected pelvic inflammatory disease were examined by laparoscopy and endometrial biopsy. Acute salpingitis was diagnosed by laparoscopy in 22. Among women with evaluable biopsy samples, plasma cell endometritis was present in 14 of 20 with acute salpingitis and in 1 of 13 without acute salpingitis (p less than 0.001). Chlamydia(More)
A case of community-acquired Achromobacter xylosoxidans bacteremia in a patient with metastatic breast carcinoma is described. The patient's home drinking water was identified as the source of her bacteremia. The case represents the first in which a community-acquired infection due to this organism has been attributed to a documented water source.
Twenty-four cases of Legionnaires' disease were diagnosed at the Wadsworth Veterans Administration Hospital during a 5-month period. All cases occurred in persons exposed to the hospital environment during the usual incubation period of Legionnaires' disease. The clinical illness was quite characteristic. All patients complained of weakness, malaise,(More)
RATIONALE Neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD), caused by prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) with O(2)-rich gas, is the most common cause of long-term hospitalization and recurrent respiratory illness in extremely premature infants. Recurrent episodes of hypoxemia and associated ventilator adjustments often lead to worsening CLD. The mechanism that causes(More)
Twenty infrequently reported species of gram-negative anaerobic bacilli other than Fusobacterium nucleatum, Fusobacterium necrophorum, and members of the genus Bacteroides were studied with regard to their role in infection and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. In addition, the literature regarding the recovery of these organisms from both the(More)
During a nosocomial epidemic of Legionnaires' disease, clinical and laboratory observations led to the recognition of remarkable aspects in six patients. Features included two episodes of disease, dual or sequential infections with Legionella pneumophila and other pathogens; transient deafness with erythromycin therapy, and Legionnaires' disease with a(More)